ANASAYFAYA DÖNÜŞ

 SORUNLU SESLİKLER

 HECE VURGUSU

 SOLUK VE SES

 

Yayınlarımızda Kullandığımız

ÖZEL FONETİK DİZGE

En solda, IPA (Uluslararası Fonetik Birliği) işaretlerini, hemen sağında ise yayınlarımızda genel okuyucuya kolaylık sağlaması bakımından Türk öğrenciler için önerdiğim karşılığı göreceksiniz. Bu çalışmamızda, konuya akademik ilgi duymayan okuyucularımız için, bıktırıcı olmayan, kolay anlaşılır, pratik bir çözüm oluşturmak amaçlanmıştır.

Doç. Dr. Yalçın İzbul, http://www.ingilizce-ders.com

 
English Vowels / Ünlüler
RP İzbul Examples
ʌ A,a

come, run, comfort, company, enough, blood, funny, monkey, stomach, result

/kam/, /ran/, KAM-fıt/, /KAM-pıni/, /i-NAF/, /blad/, /FA-ni/, /MAN-ki/, /STA-mık/, /ri-ZALT/

ɑ: A: a:

task, dark, jar, charm, guard, father, rather

/ta:sk/, /da:k/, /ca:/, /ça:m/, /ga:d/, /FA:-dzı/, /RA:-dzı/

æ Æ æ

bad, cat, gas, chat, lamb, lamp, fat, thank, exact

/bæd/, /cæt/, /gæs/, /çæt/, /lam/, /læmp/, /fæt/, /tsænk/, /ig-ZÆKT/

e, ɛ E e

pen, bed, red, get, text, deaf, kept, then, very, seven

/pen/, /bed/, /red/, /get/, /tekst/, /def/, /kept/, /dzen/, /VE-ri/, /SE-vn/

ɪ İ i

sit, pit, fit, city, king, rich, symbol, become, women

/sit/, /pit/, /fit/, /-ti/, /kinG/, /riç/, /SİM-bıl/, /bi-KAM/, /-min/

i: İ: i:

see, sea, tree, field, machine, people

/si:/, /si:/, tri:/, /fi:ld/, /mı-Şİ:N/, /Pİ:-pl/

ɔ @

hot, dog, not, want, cough, solid, Austria, foreign, involve

/h@t/, /d@g/, /n@t/, /w@nt/, /k@f/, /S@-lid/, /@S-triı/, /F@-rın/, /in-V@LV/

ɔ: @:

law, saw, form, short, bought, thought, caught, fault, water, author, appal

/l@:/, /s@:/, /f@:m/, /ş@:t/, /b@:t/, /θ@:t/, /k@:t/,  /f@:lt/, /W@:-tı/, /@:-θı/, /ı-P@:L/

ʊ U u

put, good, look, could, would, should, wood, full, push, cushion, woman, bosom

/put/, /gud/, /luk/, /kud/, /wud/, /şud/, /wud/, /ful/, /puş/, /KU-şın/, /WU-mın/, /BU-zım/

u: U: u:

soon, pool, boot, cool, goose, June, tomb, through, music, presume

/su:n/, /pu:l/, /bu:t/, /ku:l/, /gu:s/, /cu:n/, tu:m/, /θru:/, /MYU:/zik/, /pri-ZYU:M/

ɜ: Ö: ö:

her, earn, bird, turn, church, germ, nurse, thirst, journey, journal, amateur

/hö:/, /ö:n/, /bö:d/, /tö:n/, /çö:ç/, cö:m/, nö:s/, /θö:st/, CÖ:-ni/, /CÖ:-nıl/, /Æ-mı-TÇÖ:/

ə I ı

about, along, attempt, salad, breakfast, effort, picture, company, companion

/ı-BAUT/, /ı-L@NG/, /ı-TEMPT/, /-lıd/, /BREYK-fıst/, /E-fıt/, /PİK-çı/, /KAM-pıni/, /kım-PÆN-yın/

 
 
 
English Consonants / Ünsüzler
RP İzbul Examples
p P, p

pen, tip, public, upper, pepper, capable, power, sport

/pen/, /tip/, /PAB-lik/, /A-pı/, /PE-pı/, /KEY-pıbl/, /PAU-ı/, /sp@:t/

b B, b

bed, bad, web, bee, bubble, October

/bed/, /bæd/, /web/, /bi:/, /BA-bl/, /@K-TOU-bı/

t T, t

two, bet, letter, quantity, Atkinson, tomato, potato

/tu:/, /bet/, /LE-tı/, /KW@N-titi/, /ÆT-kinsın/, /tı-MA:-TOU/, /pı-TEY-TOU

d D,d

good, did, odd, admire, bed-time, garden, width, chased, begged, downtown, middle

/gud/, /did/, /@d/, /ıd-MAYR/, /BED-TAYM/, /GA:-dn/, /widθ/, /çeyzd/, /begd/, /DAUN-TAUN/, /midl/

Ç, ç

chair, choose, chalk, church, nature, furniture, bitch, question, lecture, orchard, enchant

/çeı/, /çu:z/, /ç@:k/, /çö:ç/, /NEY-çı/, /FÖ:-niçı/, /biç/, /KWES-çın/, /LEK-çı/, /@:-çıd/, /in-ÇA:NT/

C, c

gin, Jean, joy, edge, gem, James, George, pigeon, religion, gymnastic, Greenwich, Norwich, sandwich

/cin/, /ci:n/, /joi/, /ec/, /cem/, /ceymz/, /c@:c/, /-cin/, /ri--cın/, /cim-NÆS-tik/, /GRİ-nic/, /N@-ric/, /SÆN-wic/

k K, k

come, came, cat, kill, queen, thick, conquer, character, chemist, Christmas

/kam/, /keym/, /kæt/, /kil/, /kwi:n/, /KW@-tı/, /θik/, /K@N-kı/, /-rıktı/, /KE-mist/, /KRİS-mıs/

g G, g

go, get, beg, big, egg, gas, guard, gown, tiger, sugar, exact, examine, dogmatic

/gou/, /get/, /beg/, /big/, /eg/, /gæs/, /ga:d/, /gaun/, /TAY-gı/, /ŞU-gı/, /ig-ZÆKT/, /ig--min/, /D@G--tik/

f F, f

fit, fat, fence, foot, food, safe, loaf, half, tough, enough, philosophy, lieutenant

/fit/, /fæt/, /fens/, /fut/, fu:d/, /seyf/, /louf/, /ha:f/, /taf/, /i-NAF/, /fi-L@-sıfi/, /lef-TE-nınt/ (ABD: /lu-TE-nınt/)

v V, v

vest, vast, vicar, vase, voice, vulgar, volume, very, have, give, wives, wave

/vest/, /va:st/, /-kı/, /va:z/, /v@is/, /VAL-gı/, /V@L-yum/, /VE-ri/, /hæv/, /giv/, /wayvz/, /weyv/

θ TS ts

thin, thing, theme, theft, thank, think, thought, thumb, smith, bath, method, author, sympathy

/tsin/, /tsing/, /tsi:m/, /tseft/, /tsænk/, /tsink/, /ts@:t/, /tsam/, /smits/, /ba:ts/, /ME-tsıd/, /@:-tsı/, /SİM-pıtsi/

ð DZ dz

this, these, then, that,  father, rather, gather, worthy, hither and thither

 /dzis/, /dzi:z/, /dzen/, /dzæt/, /FA:-dzı/, /RA:-dzı/, /-dzı/, /WÖ:-dzi/, /Hİ-dzıın-DZİ-dzı/

s S, s

see, city, less, psalm, serious, gross, places, ceases, exercises, paradise, precise

/si:/, /-ti/, /les/, /sa:lm/, /Sİ:-ıriıs/, /grous/, /PLEY-siz/, /Sİ:-siz/, /EK-sı-SAY-ziz/, /-rı-DAYS/, /pri-SAYS/

z Z, z

zoo, zones, easy, raizor, his, hers, trees, dogs, ideas, raise, rose, scissors, reserves, diseases

/zu:/, /zounz/, /İ:-zi/, /REY-zı/, /hiz/, /hö:z/, /tri:z/, /d@gz/, /reyz/, /rouz/, /-zız/, /ri-ZÖ:VZ/, /di-Zİ:-ziz/

ʃ Ş, ş

she, shout, shoe,  sure, sugar, wish, leash, marsh, emotion, ocean, precious, partial, assure, machine

/şi:/, /şaut/, /şu:/, /şuı/, /ŞU-gı/, /wiş/, /li:ş/, /ma:ş/, /i-MOU-şn/, /OU-şn/, /PRE-şıs/, /PA:-şl/, /ı-ŞUI/, /mı-Şİ:N/

ʒ J, j

seizure, pleasure, treasure, leisure, enclosure, composure, prestige, massage, espionage, beige

/Sİ:-jı/, /PLE-jı/, /TRE-jı/, /LE-jı/, /in-KLOU-jı/, /kım-POU-jı/, /PRES-Tİ:J/, /MÆ-SA:J/, /ES-piı-NA:J/, /beyj/

h H, h

hat, hit, heat, hook, hold, here, hard, behind, behave, inhabit, dishearten, childhood

/hæt/, /hit/, /hi:t/, /huk/, /hould/, /hiı/, /ha:d/, /bi-HAYND/, /bi-HEYV/, /in--bit/, /dis-HA:-tn/, /ÇAYLD-HUD/

m M, m

make, man, ham, information, mnemonic

/meyk/, /mæn/, hæm/, /İN-fı-MEY-şn/, /ni:-M@-nik/

n N, n

no, tin, soon, pond, own, done, ignorance, enrol, enthusiasm

/nou/, /tin/, su:n/, /p@nd/, /oun/, /dan/, /İG-nırıns/, /in-ROUL/, /in-TSU:-ziæzm/

ŋ NG, ng

young, ring, long, king, finger, singer, younger, anchor, handkerchief

/yang/, /ring/, l@ng/, /king/, /FİNG-ı/, /SİNG-ı/, /YANG-ı/, /ÆNG-kı/, /HÆNG-kı-Çİ:F/

l L, l

"clear": leave, lake, look, large, along, million... "dark": feel, field, people, bell, table, noble, milk, health

/li:v/, /leyk/, /luk/, /la:rc/, /ı-L@NG/, /MİL-yın/... /fi:l/, /fi:ld/, /Pİ:-pl/, /bel/, /TEY-bl/, /NOU-bl/, /milk/, /helts/

r R, r

red, rash, reason, very, wrong, write, arrange, prove, crowd, rarer, recruit, retrograde

/red/, /ræş/, /Rİ:-zn/, /VE-ri/, /r@ng/, /rayt/, /ı-REYNC/, /pru:v/, /kraud/, /-rı/, /ri-KRU:T/, /RET-rou-GREYD/

w W, w

we, wet,  wag, warm, wool, wife, word, wear, weird, away, waiver, what, which, when

/wi:/, /wet/, /væg/, /w@:m/, /wul/, /wayf/, /wö:d/, /weı/, /wiıd/, /ı-WEY/, /WEY-vı/, /wh@t/, /whiç/, /when/

j Y, y

yes, yard, yatch, beyond, million, value, beauty, huge, human, queue, music, new, onion, familiar, simultaneous

/yes/, /ya:d/, /y@t/, /bi-Y@ND/ , /MİL-yın/, /VÆL-yu/, /bi-YU-ti/, /hyuc/, /HYU:-mın/, /kyu:/, /MYU:-zik/, /nyu:/,

/@N-yın/, /fı-MİL-yı/, /simıl-TEYN-yıs/

 
 
 
English Diphthongs / "Kayan" Seslikler
RP İzbul Examples
ey

day, pay, game, daisy, table, scale, break, change, James, neighbour, railway, player

/dey/, /pey/, /geym/, /DEY-zi/, /TEY-bl/, /skeyl/, /breyk/, çeync/, /ceymz/, /NEY-bı/, /REYL-WEY/, /PLEY-ı/

ay

my, fly, time, find, child, tried, cries, height, buy, eye, choir, aisle, quite, vine, resign

/may/, /flay/, /taym/, /faynd/, /çayld/, /tçrayd/, /krayz/, /hayt/, /bay/, /ay/, /kwayr/, /ayl/, /kwayt/, /vayn/, ri-ZAYN/

ɔɪ oy

boy, toy, oil, noise, employer, royal, voice, choice, soil

/boy/, /toy/, /oyl/, /noyz/, im-PLOY-ı/, /ROY-ıl/, /voys/, /çoys/, /soyl/

əʊ ou

no, know, don't, only, home, toast, vote, hope, motion, Joseph

/NOU/, /nou/, /dount/, /OUN-li/, /houm/, /toust/, /vout/, /houp/, /MOU-şın/, /COU-zif/

au

out, loud, house, now, vow, cow, town, flower, thousand, resound, allowable, coward

/aut/, /laud/, /haus/, nau/, /vau/, /kau/, /taun/, /FLAU-ı/, /THAU-znd/, /ri-ZAUND/, /ı-LAU-ıbl/, /KAU-ıd/

ɪə

ear, near, here, hear, dear, deer, beer, beard, weird, weary, idea, career, theatre

/iı/, /niı/, /hiı/, /hiı/, /diı/, /diı/, /biı/, /biıd/, /wiıd/, /WİI-ri/, /ay-DİI/, /kı-RİI/, /THİI-tı/ (veya, /THYI:-tı/)

air, hair, pair, care, chair, share, wear, there, their, vary, Sarah

/eı/, /heı/, /peı/, /keı/, /çeı/, /şeı/, weı/, /dzeı/, /dzeı/, /VEI-ri/, /SEI-rı/  [Biz Türklerin çok zorlandığımız bir dipthong... Genelde, /e:/ uzun e kullanmak hatasına düşebiliyoruz. Bir çare olarak, ABD telaffuzundaki gibi /r/ sesini bir ölçüde eklemek veya bir İngiliz varyantı olan /ea/ (IPA: /əʌ/) sesine başvurmak düşünülebilir.]

ʊə

sure, surely, poor, poorer, tour, cure, cured, newer, sewer, jewel, endure, curious, duration

/şuı/, /ŞUI-li/, /puı/, /PUI-rı/, /tuı/, /kyuı/, /kyuıd/, /nyuı/ (veya, /nyu:ı/), /syuı/, /cuıl/, /in-CUI/,

/KYUI-riıs/, /CUI-REY-şın/

 
 

NOTLAR:

Birincil vurgu taşıyan heceyi KAPİTAL VE BOLD yazıyorum.

İkincil vurgu taşıyan bir heceyi yalnızca KAPİTAL yazıyorum.

Uzun seslikleri  :  işareti ile gösteriyoruz.

NOT: Telaffuz önerilerimizde "BBC İngilizcesi" ni izliyoruz. Diğer aksanların farklı ünlü kullanmak veya /r/ sesini telaffuz etmek gibi tercihlerine saygılıyım; fakat özellikle hece vurgularının yüzde yüze varan ölçekte aynı olacağına dikkatinizi çekmek isterim.

ÖRNEKLER:

 

symbol

/SİM-bıl/

father

/FA:-dzı/

monkey

/MAN-ki/

rather

/RA:-dzı/

become

/bi-KAM/

bath

/BA:TH/

women

/-min/

method

/ME-tsıd/

interesting

/İN-tırısting/

society

/sı-SAİ-ti/

necessary

/NE-sısıri/

paradise

/-rı-DAYS/

capital

/-pitıl/

espionage

/ES-piı-NA:J/

capitalistic

/KÆ-pitı-LİS-tik/

retrograde

/RE-trı-GREYD/

 

 KİTAPÇIK ANASAYFAYA DÖNÜŞ

 

bu bölümün sonu

Güçlük çekilen seslikler için:

 BURAYI TIKLAYINIZ

Hece vurgusu ayrıntıları için:

 BURAYI TIKLAYINIZ

bu bölümün sonu

 

İngilizce site linkleri

Lütfen Sorularınızı Esirgemeyiniz:

Yalçın İzbul     yalçın izbul

Website:   http://www.ingilizce-ders.com

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