COUNTRIES, NATIONALITIES, LANGUAGES

ÜLKELER, MİLLETLER, DİLLER - 01

Boy! What a wonderful world we live in!

I live in Turkland. I am Turkish. I am a Turk. I am a Turkish man. I speak Turkish. We Turks are a very friendly, peace-loving people / nation. The Turks have always felt friendly toward other peoples (=halklar).

She lives in Dreamland. She is Dreamish. She is a Dream woman. She speaks Dreami. Them Dreams are a very friendly, peace-loving people / nation. The Dreams have always felt friendly toward other peoples (=halklar).

Note: We use the + nationality adjective ending in -ese or -ish with a plural verb, to refer to all people of that nationality:

Examples:

The -----------ese are .........................
The -----------ish do not ....................

 
 

Please note that the pronunciations given are those of my own; they should be O.K. (with a bit of luck); suggestions, however, from native speakers will be most welcome...

 
 
ÜLKE COUNTRY ADJECTIVE CITIZENSHIP LANGUAGE

Türkiye

TURKLAND  /TÖ:K-lınd/  (Brit) /TÖRK-lınd/  (USA)

/TÖ:K-LÆND/,  /TÖRK-LÆND/   emphatic

Turkish  /TÖ:-kiş/

a Turk /TÖ:K/

Turks /TÖ:KS/

a Turkish man

a Turkish woman

Turkish  /TÖ:-kiş/

Afganistan

Afghanistan  /æf--nis-TÆN/

Afghan  /ÆF-gın/

an Afghan

Pashtu (resmi) /PÆŞ-TU:/ (?)

Arnavutluk

Albania  /@l-BEY-niı/

Albanian  /@l-BEY-niın/

an Albanian

Albanian

Cezayir

Algeria  /æl-Cİ:-riı/

Algerian  /æl-Cİ:-riın/

an Algerian

Arabic /ÆR-ıbik/

Arjantin

Argentina  /A-cın-Tİ:-na/

Argentinian  /A-cın-Tİ:-niın/

an Argentinian

Spanish  /SPÆ-niş/

Ermenistan

Armenia  /ı-Mİ:-niı/

Armenian  /ı-Mİ:-niın/

an Armenian

Armenian

Avustralya

Australia  /@s-TREYL-yı/

Australian  /@S-TREY-liın/

an Australian

English  /İNG-liş/

Avusturya

Austria  /@S-triı/

Austrian  /@S-triın/

an Austrian

German  /-mın/

Azerbaycan

Azerbaijan  /Æ-zı-BAY-C@N/

Azerbaijani  /Æ-zı-BAY-C@:-ni/

an Azerbaijani

an Azeri (telaffuz?)

Azerbaijani, Azeri

Bangladeş

Bangladesh  /BÆNG-lı-DEŞ/

Bangladeshi  /BÆNG-lı-DE-şi/

a Bangladeshi

Bangladeshi

Belçika

Belgium  /BEL-cım/,  /BEL-ciım/

Belgian  /BEL-cın/,  /BEL-ciın/

a Belgian

French, Flemish  /FLE-miş/

Bosna-Hersek

Bosnia and Herzegovina  /B@Z-niıın-HERTS-ıgou-Vİ:-nı/

Bosnian /B@Z-niın/

a Bosnian

a Bosniak

/B@Z-ni-ÆK/

Bosnian

Brezilya

Brazil  /brı-ZİL/

Brazilian  /brı-ZİL-yın/

a Brazilian

Portuguese  /P@-çı-Gİ:Z/, /-S/

B. Britanya

Britain  /BRİ-tın/

British  /BRİ-tiş/

a Briton, a Britisher

/BRİ-tın/, /BRİ-tişı/

the Britons / British

English  /İNG-liş/,

Welsh /WELŞ/

Bulgaristan

Bulgaria  /bıl-GE:-yiı/

Bulgarian  /bıl-GE:-yiın/

a Bulgarian

Bulgarian

Birmanya

Burma  /BÖ:-mı/

Burmese  /bö-Mİ:Z/

a Burmese, Burman

/BÖ:-mın/

Burmese

Kamboçya

Cambodia  /kım-BOU-diı/

the Khmer Republic  /kı-MER/

Cambodian  /kım-BOU-diın/

a Cambodian

a Khmer

Khmer  /kı-MER/

Kanada

Canada  /KÆ:-nıdı/

Canadian  /kı-NEY-diın/

a Canadian

English, French

Şili

Chile  /Çİ-li/

Chilean  /Çİ-liın/

a Chilean

Spanish

Çin

China  /ÇAY-nı/

Chinese  /çay-Nİ:Z/

a Chinese

a Chinese man

a China man

Chinese (Mandarin)

/MÆN-dırin/

Kongo

Congo  /K@N-gou/

Congolese  /K@N-gı-Lİ:Z/

a Congolese

French (resmi)

Hırvatistan

Croatia  /krou-EY-şiı/

Croatian  /krou-EY-şın/

a Croat  /kro-ÆT/

Croatian

Küba

Cuba  /KYU-bı/

Cuban  /KYU-bın/

a Cuban

Spanish

Kıbrıs

Cyprus  /SAYP-rıs/

Cypriot  /SİP-riıt/

a Cypriot

a Greek Cypriot

a Turkish Cypriot

Greek, Turkish

 
 
 

   

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