COUNTRIES, NATIONALITIES, LANGUAGES

ÜLKELER, MİLLETLER, DİLLER - 04

Boy! What a wonderful world we live in!

I live in Turkland. I am Turkish. I am a Turk. I am a Turkish man. I speak Turkish. We Turks are a very friendly, peace-loving people / nation. The Turks have always felt friendly toward other peoples (=halklar).

She lives in Dreamland. She is Dreamish. She is a Dream woman. She speaks Dreami. Them Dreams are a very friendly, peace-loving people / nation. The Dreams have always felt friendly toward other peoples (=halklar).

Note: We use the + nationality adjective ending in -ese or -ish with a plural verb, to refer to all people of that nationality:

Examples:

The -----------ese are .........................
The -----------ish do not ....................

 
 

Please note that the pronunciations given are those of my own; they should be O.K. (with a bit of luck); suggestions, however, from native speakers will be most welcome...

 
 

ÜLKE

COUNTRY

ADJECTIVE

CITIZENSHIP

LANGUAGE

Nepal

Nepal  /nı-PAL/, /NEY-PAL/,  /nı-PÆL/,  /nı-P@L/

Nepalese  /NE-pı-Lİ:Z/

a  Nepalese

Nepali  /nı-PAL-li:/,

/nı-PÆL-li:/,  /nı-P@L-li:/

Hollanda

(the) Netherlands  /NE-dzılındz/

[Holland - Dikkat: Bazı bölge halkları bu ada tepkilidir.]

Dutch  /DAÇ/

a Dutchman

a Dutchwoman

Dutch, Frisian

/FRİ-jın/, /FRİ:-jın/

Yeni Zelanda

New Zealand  /niu-Zİ:-lınd/,

/nu:-Zİ:-lınd/

New Zealand

a New Zealander  /niu-Zİ:-lındı/,

/nu:-Zİ:-lındır/

English, Maori

/MA-ori/, /MAU-ri:/

Nijerya

Nigeria  /nay-Cİ:-riı/

Nigerian  /nay-Cİ:-riın/

a Nigerian

English (resmi)

Norveç

Norway  /NO:-wey/

Norwegian  /no-WEY-cın/

a Norwegian

Bokmal Norwegian

Nynorsk Norwegian

Pakistan

Pakistan  /-ki-STÆN/,

/P@-ki-ST@N/

Pakistani  /PÆ-ki-STÆ-ni:/,

/P@-ki-ST@-ni:/

a Pakistani

Urdu (resmi), English (resmi),

/U:(r)-du/

Punjabi, Sindhi

Panama

Panama  /-nı-M@/

Panamanian  /PÆ-nı-MEY-niın/

a Panamanian

Spanish /SPÆ-niş/

Peru

Peru  /pı-RU/

Peruvian  /pı-RU-viın/

a Peruvian

Spanish /SPÆ-niş/, Quechua

/KE-çıwı/, /KEÇ-wı/

Filipinler

Philippines  /Fİ-li-Pİ:NZ/

Philippine   /FLİ--Pİ:N/

a Filipino

 /fli-Pİ:-NOU/

Filipino (resmi)

English (resmi)

Polonya

Poland  /POU-lınd/

Polish  /POU-liş/, /P@-liş/

a Pole  /POUL/

Polish

Portekiz

Portugal  /P@-çıgıl/

Portuguese  /P@-çı-Gİ:Z/

a Portuguese

Portuguese

Romanya

Romania  /ru-MEY-niı/

Romanian  /ru-MEY-niın/

a Romanian

Romanian

Rusya

Russia  /RAŞ-ı/

Russian  /RAŞ-ın/

a Russian

Russian

Suudi Arabistan

Saudi Arabia  /SAU-diı-REY-biı/, /S@-diı-REY-biı/

Saudi /SAU-di/, /S@-di/

Saudi Arabian  /SAU-diı-REY-biın/, /S@-diı-REY-biın/

a Saudi

Arabic /ÆR-ıbik/

İskoçya

Scotland  /SK@T-lınd/

Scottish /SK@-tiş/

a Scot /SK@T/

a Scotsman /SK@TS-mın/

English

Senegal

Senegal  /SE-ni-GÆL/,   /SE-ni-GÆL/,   /SE-ni-G@L/

Senegalese /SE-nigı-Lİ:Z/

a Senegalese

French (resmi)

Sırbistan ve Karadağ

Serbia and Montenegro

/SÖ:-biıın-M@N-tı-Nİ:-GROU/

Serbian  /SÖ:-biın/

Montenegrin /M@N-tı-Nİ:-grin/

a Serb /SÖ:B/

a Montenegrin

Serbian

Singapur

Singapore  /SİNG-ı-POU/

 /SİNG-ı-PO:/

Singapore  /SİNG-ı-POUR-iın/

 /SİNG-ı-PO:R-iın/

a Singaporean

Malay (ulusal ve resmi)

Diğer resmi diller: Chinese, Tamil, English

Slovakya

Slovakia  /SLOU-VÆ-kiı/,

/SLOU-V@-kiı/

Slovak 

/SLOU-VÆK/, /SLOU-V@K/

a Slovak

Slovak

Slovenya

Slovenia   /SLOU-Vİ:-niı/,

/SLOU-Vİ:-nyı/

Slovenian   /SLOU-Vİ:-niın/

a Slovene

/SLOU-Vİ:N/

Slovenian

Somali

Somalia  /SOU-M@-liı/, 

/sı-M@L-yı/

Somali, **Somalian

/SOU-M@-li/,  /sı-M@-li/

a Somali

Somali (resmi)

Güney Afrika

South Afrika  /SAUØ-ÆF-rikı/

South Afrikan  /SAUØ-ÆF-rikın/

South Afrikan

Afrikaan, English, Zulu (11 resmi dil)

İspanya

Spain  /SPEYN/

Spanish /SPÆ-niş/

a Spaniard

/SPÆN-yırd/

Spanish

Sri Lanka

(eski Seylan)

Sri Lanka /SRİ:-L@NG-kı/,   /ŞRİ:-L@NG-kı/

Formerly, Ceylon /SEY-L@N//Sİ-L@N/

Sri Lankan /SRİ:-L@NG-kın/,   /ŞRİ:-L@NG-kın/

a Sri Lankan

Sinhala, Tamil   /sin-H@-l@/, /-mil/,  /T@-mil/

 
 
 

      

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