COUNTRIES, NATIONALITIES, LANGUAGES

ÜLKELER, MİLLETLER, DİLLER - 05

Boy! What a wonderful world we live in!

I live in Turkland. I am Turkish. I am a Turk. I am a Turkish man. I speak Turkish. We Turks are a very friendly, peace-loving people / nation. The Turks have always felt friendly toward other peoples (=halklar).

She lives in Dreamland. She is Dreamish. She is a Dream woman. She speaks Dreami. Them Dreams are a very friendly, peace-loving people / nation. The Dreams have always felt friendly toward other peoples (=halklar).

Note: We use the + nationality adjective ending in -ese or -ish with a plural verb, to refer to all people of that nationality:

Examples:

The -----------ese are .........................
The -----------ish do not ....................

 
 

Please note that the pronunciations given are those of my own; they should be O.K. (with a bit of luck); suggestions, however, from native speakers will be most welcome...

 
 

ÜLKE

COUNTRY

ADJECTIVE

CITIZENSHIP

LANGUAGE

Sudan

Sudan  /su-DÆN/

Sudanese  /SU-dı-Nİ:Z/

a Sudanese

Arabic /ÆR-ıbik/

İsveç

Sweden  /SWİ:-dın/

Swedish  /SWİ:-diş/

a Swede  /SWİ:D-/

Swedish

İsviçre

Switzerland  /SWİT-sılınd/

Swiss  /SWİS/

a  Swiss (tekil)

the Swiss (çoğul)

German, French, Italian

Suriye

Syria  /SİR-iı/

Syrian  /SİR-iın/

a Syrian

Arabic /ÆR-ıbik/

Tacikistan

Tajikistan  /t@-Cİ-ki-STÆN/,

/tı-Cİ:-ki-STÆN/

Tajikistani  /t@-Cİ-ki-STÆ-ni:/,

/tı-Cİ:-ki-STÆ-ni:/

a Tajikistani

Tajik  /tı-Cİ:K/, /t@-CİK/

Tayvan

Taiwan  /TAY-W@N/

Taiwanese  /TAY-wı-Nİ:Z/

a Taiwanese

Mandarin Chinese

Tanzanya

Tanzania  /TÆN-zı-Nİ:-ı/

Tanzanian  /TÆN-zı-Nİ:-ın/

a Tanzanian

Kiswahili (Swahili) (resmi) English (resmi)

Tayland

Thailand  /TAY-LÆND/,

/TAY-LIND/

Thai  /TAİ/

a Thai / Thailander

/TAY-LÆN-dı/,

/TAY-LIN-dı/

Thai

Togo

Togo  /TOU-GOU/

Togolese  /TO-gı-Lİ:Z/

a Togolese

French (resmi)

Tunus

Tunusia  /tÇu-Nİ:-jiı/

Tunusian   /tÇu-Nİ:-jiın/

a Tunusian

Arabic /ÆR-ıbik/

Türkiye

TURKLAND  /TÖ:K-lınd/  (Brit) /TÖRK-lınd/  (USA)

/TÖ:K-LÆND/,  /TÖRK-LÆND/   emphatic

Turkish  /TÖ:-kiş/

a Turk /TÖ:K/

Turks /TÖ:KS/

a Turkish man

a Turkish woman

Turkish  /TÖ:-kiş/

Türkmen-

istan

Turkmenistan

/tö:k-ME-nı-STÆN/, (-ST@N)

/tö:k-ME-nı-STÆN/, (-ST@N)

Turkmenian   /tö:k-Mİ:-niın/

Dipnota bknz.

a Turkmen / the Turkmens

/TÖ:K-mın/,/-mınz/

veya

a Turkman, Turkmen

Turkmen

Uganda

Uganda  /yu-GÆN-dı/

Ugandan  /yu-GÆN-dın/

a Ugandan

English (resmi)

Ukrayna

Ukraine  /yu-KREYN/,

/yu-KRAYN/

Ukrainian  /yu-KREY-niın/,

/yu-KRAY-niın/

a Ukrainian

Ukrainian, Russian

B. Britanya

(the) United Kingdom

/yu-NAY-tid-KİNG-dım/

British  /BRİ-tiş/

a Briton, a Britisher /BRİ-tın/, /BRİ-tişı/ the Britons / British

English  /İNG-liş/,

Welsh /WELŞ/

Amerika

(A.B.D.)

(the) Unites States

/yu-NAY-tid-STEYTS/

American /ı-ME-rikın/,

/ı-ME-rıkın/

an American

English, Spanish

(American, American English)

Uruguay

Uruguay  /YU-ru-GWAY/

/YU-ru-GWEY/

Uruguayan  /YU-ru-GWAY-ın/

/YU-ru-GWEY-ın/

a Uruguayan

Spanish

Özbekistan

Uzbekistan  /uz-BE-ki-STÆN/,

/uz-BE-ki-ST@N/

Uzbekistani  /uz-BE-ki-STÆ-ni:/,

/uz-BE-ki-ST@-ni:/

an Uzbekistani

an Uzbek /UZ-BEK/

Uzbek

Venezuela

Venezuela  /VE-nı-ZWE-lı/

Venezuelan  /VE-nı-ZWE-lın/

a Venezuelan

Spanish

Vietnam

Vietnam  /vi:-ET-NÆM/,

/vi:-ET-N@M/,

/Vİ:-ıt-NÆM/

Vietnemese /vi:-ET-nı-Mİ:Z/

a Vietnemese

Vietnemese

Galler

Wales  /WEYLZ/

Welsh /WELŞ/

a Welshman

/WELŞ-mın/

(a Welsh woman)

English, Welsh

Yemen

Yemen  /YE-mın/

Yemeni,

/YE-mıni:/, /YE-mı-NAYT/

a Yemeni,

a Yemenite

Arabic /ÆR-ıbik/

Zambiya

Zambia  /ZÆM-biı/

Zambian  /ZÆM-biın/

a Zambian

English  (resmi)

Zimbabve

Zimbabwe  /zim-B@:-bwi:/

Zimbabwean  /zim-B@:-bwi:ın/

a Zimbabwean

English  (resmi)

 

NOT: "Turkmen" sözcüğü Türkmenistan ile sınırlı iken, bildiğimiz (göçebe) "Türkmen" karşılığı = "Turkoman" dır:

a Turkoman, (veya, Turcoman); the Turkomans (veya, Turcomans).

 
 

   

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