İNGİLİZCE'DE ÖN-EKLER

 

 

Önek

Anlamı

Örnekler

a, an

without, not

asexual, amoral, anarchy, anhydrous, Anabaptist, anachronism

ab, abs, a

apart, away from

abnormal, abduct, abductor (muscle), abscission .See ad in Prefixes,

ad

toward

adhere, adductor (muscle) . See ab in Prefixes section), adumbrate

agere

act

agent, agency, agenda

amphi, ambi

round, both sides

amphitheater, amphibian, ambidextrous, ambivalent

ante

before

antedate, anteroom, antecedent, anterior

anthro

man

anthropology, anthropomorphic

anti

against

antipathy, antitank, anticlimax

aqua

water

aquarium, aqueous

archaios

ancient

archeology, archetype, archaic, archeozoic

archos

leader, first, chief

monarchy, oligarchy, anarchy, archetype, architect

audio

hear

audiophile, audiometer, auditory

auto

self

automatic, automaton, auto-immune

bi

two

bi-partisan, bisexual, biennial, binary, bicuspid, bivalve

bene

well, favorable

benefit, benevolent, benefactor, beneficent

bible

book

bibliography, Bible, bibliophile

bio

life

biology, biography, bio-active

caco

bad

cacophony

cide

kill

homicide, parricide, germicidal, ecocide

circum

around

circumference, circumlocution, circumnavigate

constitutus

stand

constitution, statute

corpus

body

corpse, corporeal punishment, corpus callosum

cracy

rule

democracy, theocrat, technocracy

credo

belief

credit, (see also roots section)

demos

people

democracy, demographic

di

two, double

dimorphism, dicotyledon, diatomic

dia

across, through

diagonal, dialectic, dialogue, diagnosis

dis

not, apart

disperse, disinherit, disenfranchise, distend

dominus

lord

dominant, dominion

dynasthai

be able

dynamic, dynamo, dynasty, dynamite

ego

I, self

ego, egomaniac, egocentric,

epi

upon, over

epidermis, epidemic, epigram, epitaph, epithet, epiphyte, epistasis, epinephrine, epiphysis

ex

out

exotic, exterior, extraneous, extemporaneous, exophalmic, exogenous, exothermic, exoskeleton

federis (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

league, pact

federation, confederate

frater

brother

fraternize, fraternity, fraternal, fratricide

geo

earth

geology, geography, geocentric, geomancy

graph (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

write, record

graphic, graphite, graphology,

hetero

mixed, unlike

heterogeneous, heterosexual, heterodox, heterodont, hetero atom, heterocyclic, heterozygous,

homo

same, alike

homogeneous, homogenized, homozygous, homolytic fission, Homo sapiens, homonid, homeostasis

idem

the same

identity, idiopathic, I, individual

ideo

idea

ideology, ideation, ideal

idios

one's own

idiom, idiosyncrasy, idiopathic

in

in

incarcerate, incorporate, inculcate, induction, inductance, indigenous, indicator, inspiration

in, im

not

incredible, ignoble, inglorious, inhospitable, infinite, infinitesimal, immoral

inter

between

interact, interstellar, interpret, interstitial

legis (lex)

law

legal, legislature

lexis

word

lexicon, lexicography

liber

free, book

liberty, library, liberal

locus

place

locality, local, circumlocution

macro

large

macroeconomics, macroscopic, macrophage

mania (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

obsession

maniac, Beatlemania

meter (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

measure

metronome, speedometer, odometer

micro

small

microscope, micron, micrometer, microorganism

mittere, mitto (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

send

mission, transmit, remit

mono

one, single

monocle, monopoly, monogamy, monovalent, monomania, monarchy

mortis

death

mortician, mortuary, moribund, morbid

nomen

name

noble, ignominy, nomenclature, nominal

olig

few

oligarchy, oligopoly

pater

father

paternal, paternity, patricide

ped (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

foot

pedestrian, pedal, pedicure, podiatrist

peri

around

peripatetic, periscope, perineum, peritoneum

phage (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

eat

phagocyte, phagocytosis

philo

love

philosophy, philanthropy

phobos (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

 

 

phon (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

 

 

polein

sell

monopoly

polis (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

city

political, metropolitan

poly (ayrıca kökler bölümüne bknz.)

many

polygamy, polyphonic, hoi polloi

porto

carry

porter, export

post

after

post script (p.s.), ex post facto, post hoc, post-mortem

pre

before

premier, preview, premium, prescient

pro

before, in favor of

project, projectile,

psyche

mind, soul

psychology

publicus

people

public, republic, pub, publican

riparia

river

riparian

scope

examine

microscope, oscilloscope

scribo (see Roots section also)

write

transcribe, scribe, script

solus

alone

solo, solitary

subter

under, secret

subterfuge, subtle, subaltern, subterranean

syn, sym (b, p, m öncesi "sym")

together, with

synchronize, syncretic, syncope  symphony, sympathy, symmetric

tele

distance

telegraph, telephone, teleology

trans

across

transport, transcend, transmogrify

utilis

useful

utility, utilitarian

vide, visibil, vis

see

video, vision, visible

 

     

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