Upper Intermediate / Advanced

 

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This Episode's Topic:

FAMOUS TURKS

 

 

 Question 01

Sultan --------------- (the Lightning) confronted Tamarlane (the Lame) in a battle near the citadel and the area between the Hatip Çayı and Çubuk Dam, (and perhaps beyond, at Esenboğa where the airport is situated today). The Ottoman army, exhausted by long marches playing hide-and-seek, lost the battle and --------------- was taken prisoner. Although he was treated with due respect, he eventually killed himself while still in captivity.

 

 1.  Bayazid II      2.  Mehmet Çelebi      3.  Bayazid I

 

  4.  Murat Hüdavendigâr      5.  Orhan

 

  

 

Not: Murat I, Mehmet II şeklindeki yazılımları, "Murat the First, Mehmet the Second" şeklinde okuyunuz.

 

 

 Question 02

 

--------------- was a 13th century Turkish poet and mystic, who has had an immense influence on Turkish folk literature over the centuries. During the period of Mongol onslaughts on Anatolia in the 13th century, the Islamic mystic (sufi) literature reached its zenith. With his simple and pure style, --------------- was one of its most distinguished poets. He could easily describe even the most difficult mystic concepts in a few simple sentences. He is still a popular figure in a group of countries located on a broad geography from Azerbaijan to the Balkans.

 

 1.  Pîr Sultan Abdal      2.  Hacı Bektaş-ı Velî

 

 3.  Karacaoğlan       4.  Yunus Emre

 

 5.  Mevlana Celalettin-i Rumî

 

  

 

 

 Question 03

 

--------------- held the position of chief architect of the palace for nearly 50 years, which meant that he was the top authority during that long period on the construction works all through the Ottoman Empire. He worked with a large team of assistants consisting of architects and master builders. We learn from various sources that he was the architect of around 360 structures, including 84 mosques, 51 small mosques [mescit], 57 schools of theology [medrese], 7 schools for Koran reciters [darülkurra], 22 mausoleums [türbe], 17 almshouses [imaret], 3 hospitals [darüşşifa, bîmarhane], 7 aquaducts and arches, 48 inns [caravansary, caravansarai], 35 palaces and mansions [konak], and 46 baths. The largest of the bridges he built is the nearly 635-meter-long Büyükçekmece Bridge in İstanbul, a masterful combination of art with functionalism.

 1.  Mehmed Ağa      2.  Başmimar Mustafa Ağa      3.  Mimar Sinan

 4.  Mimar Kemalettin      5.  Mimar Davud Ağa

 

  

 

 

 Question 04

 

Whether he was a real person or not, the figure of the inimitable --------------- represents the folk wisdom of his times and indeed has continued to do so over the centuries. He is thought to have lived in the 13th century in and around Akşehir in the Konya area. The themes of the jokes and anecdotes attributed to him are universal and timeless. They cover social and interpersonal relationships and often raise questions about relationships between people, animals and the natural world. New stories appear, or perhaps the older ones assume fresh attributes, to fulfil the needs of each new generation.

 

 1.  Kaygusuz Abdal      2.  Nasreddin Hodja

 

 3.  İncili Çavuş      4.  Bekri Mustafa

 

 5.  Dümbüllü İsmail

 

  

 

 

 Question 05

 

--------------- was one of the most outstanding scholars of his time as far the science of navigation was concerned. He was born at Gelibolu (or Gallipoli as the Anglo-American world calls it), presumably around 1465-1470. Gelibolu, a lovely coastal town on the Marmara Sea, was an important naval base at the time; and he was a nephew of Kemal Reis,  the famous admiral of the period. Apparently, besides his native tongue, he had also mastered Greek, Italian, Spanish and even Portuguese -- as proven by his referrals to various works in these languages -- as he produced his famous map of the world.

 

 1.  Turgut Reis      2.  Burak Reik      3.  Çaka Bey

 

 4.  Pîrî Reis      5.  Barbaros Hayrettin

 

  

 

 

 

GRADING:

 

5 correct answers: I take off my hat and salute you, fellow citizen... You really deserve a civic medal. [Dikkat: "cıvık madalya" değil!! /si-vik me-dıl/ = yurttaşlık madalyası]

 

4 correct answers: Good try, but I'm sorry you still miss the big prize...

 

3 correct answers: Obviously you must put in a lot more effort to learn about the great accomplishments of your forefathers...

 

2 correct answers: Oh, my, my, my... You really ought to be ashamed of your poor performance on this test...

 

1 correct answer:   Well, well, well... You can only congratulate yourself on your well-rounded ignorance!!...

 

No correct answers: I daresay, Sir/Madam, you're a hopeless case as far as your information on our cultural heritage is concerned...

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