Doç. Dr. Yalçın İzbul

Hacettepe Üniversitesi eski öğr. üyesi

PRACTICAL ENGLISH FOR TURKS

Advanced Level Exercises

A Weekly Supplement Issued On Thursdays

03/07/02 - 0004

I believe that learning more words and more about words can and must be a pleasurable activity. In fact, when it comes to learning of any kind, I am all for the old well-known childhood rhyme: "What's learned with pleasure / Is learned full measure... This is where this publication comes in. I have made a point --

to design it primarily for your enjoyment... I have tried to make it chatty and informal, easily readable, and exceptionally entertaining. I have not hesitated to include anecdotes, jokes, puns, rhymes, fillers and even xxx cartoons wherever they belong and wherever they can help... Enjoy our Special Issue of Advanced English for Turks # 0004... izbul 

   

READING COMPREHENSION

BODY CONTACT

    Photographs of the victims of assassination attempts, for example, nearly always show someone cradling the victim's head in their hands. Medically this is a somewhat dubious procedure, but medical logic has no place here. This is not a trained act of assistance; it is a more basic response related to the primary parental care of a helpless child. It is much too difficult for an untrained person to pause and make a reasoned assessment of the physical injuries the victim has sustained before taking first-aid action. Instead, he will reach out and touch or lift as a primary act of comfort, with no thought to the further damage he may be causing. It is too painful to stand by and coldly calculate the best steps to be taken. The urge to make comforting body contact is overpowering, but we have to face the fact that it can sometimes prove fatal. Once, as a small boy, ignorant of what was happening, I watched a man killed in this way. Following an accident, his injured body was cradled in the loving arms of anxious helpers who lifted him into a car to drive him away. The loving act destroyed his life by pressing his splintered ribs through his lungs. Had he been "callously" left lying where he was until a stretcher arrived, he might have lived. Such is the power of the urge to make body contact when tragedy strikes, and this applies to males and females equally, for disaster knows no sex. 

Desmond Morris, Intimate Behaviour, 1973

(1) ............... are offered as witness to people's irrational responses, based as they are on instinct rather than reasoning?...  (a) Examples... (b) Victims... (c) Photographs... (d) Attempts... (e) Assassinations...

(2) Why does medical logic have no place here?... Because --  (a) this is a dubious process... (b) this is not a trained act of assistance... (c) it is too difficult for an untrained person... (d) the victim is given first aid... (e) there is no time for a medical approach...

(3) What will an untrained person do first just out of instinct?  (a) He will think about the damage he is likely to cause... (b) He will stand by and coldly calculate what to do... (c) He will pause and make a reasoned calculation of the situation... (d) He will leave the victim alone and call for the doctor... (e) He will reach out, touch or lift the victim...

(4) How did the anxious helpers happen to become partly -- though unknowingly -- responsible for the injured man's death in the incident that the author remembers from his childhood?...  (a) By embracing him tightly, supposedly in order to comfort him... (b) By pressing his splintered ribs through his heart... (c) By "callously" leaving him lying there till a stretcher arrived... (d) By putting him in a cradle of love... (e) By causing the accident...

(5) The injured man might have lived if --  (a) the would-be helpers had not pressed his splintered ribs through his heart... (b) the helpers had embraced him, unconsciously thinking that this would comfort him... (c) they had "callously" left him lying there till a stretcher arrived... (d) they had put him into a cradle of love... (e) disasters had affected males and females equally....

Answers A Little Down The Page

 
 
 

 Fascinating Vocabulary 

 MORE LOVE-BITES INTO DIFFICULT WORDS !! 

To TITILLATE  &  TO ADULATE

HOW TO TICKLE !! = The English word "titillate" comes from a Latin verb meaning "to tickle"... But the word is often used figuratively, rather than literally. I mean, you can titillate a person by stroking him/her in strategic places, in which case you are causing an actual (and usually pleasant) physical sensation...

Or -- and at this point I am addressing to ladies in particular -- you can titillate this person, or his mind, or his fancy, or his palate... With your charm and cuteness, and most often with your figure, attractive appearance or "silent" promises... And this is the more common use of the word. The noun form is "titillation"... Let me just add that a good definition for a "coquette" is that she engages in "titillation without gratification"!!

HOW TO FLATTER!! = A compliment is a pleasant and courteous expression of praise... It's a "nicety"... Flattery is much stronger in dosage and rightly suspected of being insincere... "Buttering" would be a good alternative word for it, and translates well into Turkish... But, "adulation" is flattery carried to a fantastic degree, to ridiculous dimensions...

You may be certain of some deep-seated psychological disturbance if a lady demands or gives in to adulation... However, it would seem to be -- in many cases -- part and parcel of the basic character of a political leader, who seems to want and indeed crave adulation by the mob... For whatever this is worth, it seems to be the unwholesome food on which their precarious ego subsists...   

 Answers For The Reading Comprehension Test :  1-c   2-b   3-e   4-a   5-c 

 
 
 Here Is An Advanced Level Vocabulary Test I have Prepared For You 

See If You Can Match The Word With Its Synonyms

(1)...adversity    (2)...arrogant    (3)...censure    (4)...discreet    (5)...elegance    (6)...mean    (7)...pageant    (8)...persecute    (9)...slender    (10)...unconcerned

( ) (a) reprove, criticize, disapprove of...

( ) (b) hard luck, bad fortune, hardship...

( ) (c) refinement, grace, good taste...

( ) (d) haughty, pompous, overbearing...

( ) (e) humble, insignificant, stingy, selfish...

( ) (f) march, parade, procession, display...

( ) (g) slim, this, slight, meager...

( ) (h) indifferent, uninterested, disinterested...

( ) (i) oppress, maltreat, abuse, molest...

( ) (j) prudent, judicious, cautious...

 

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TIPS AND CLUES

To smile in the face of adversity... adverse winds / adverse weather... adversary, enemy, opponent

arrogance, pomposity, haughtiness

censure [sen-şı] = kınamak, onaylamamak... censor [sen-sı] = 1. sansür etmek, sansürlemek; 2. sansür memuru veya yetkilisi... censorship [sen-sışip] sansür (kavram veya olgusu)...

a slender girl... slender fingers... slender means = small income...

indifference = having or showing no inclination or preference for or against... not caring one way or another... simply not interested in... (= kayıtsız, ilgisiz; "-in" önekinin burada beklentinin dışında bir işlev yerine getirdiğine dikkat ediniz)...

Study Suggestions: Make a detailed study of the word "mean" as verb, noun and adjective...

Answers A Little Down The Page

You can always mail me, should you have any doubts lingering on your mind.

 
   

[ All Ads Deleted ]

   

 Test Results :  1-b   2-d   3-a   4-j   5-c   6-e   7-f   8-i   9-g   10-h 

 

 

READING FOR FUN

This Is Hilarious !!  This Is A Real Killer !!

Please Excuse My Son/Daughter...

( Collected By Headmasters and Teachers )

My son is under the doctor's care and should not take P.E. today. Please execute him.

Please excuse Mary for being absent. She was sick and I had her shot.

Dear School: Please eckuse John for being absent on Jan. 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, and 33.

Please excuse Gloria from Jim today.

John has been absent because he had 2 teeth taken off his face.

Chris will not be in school because he has an acre in his side.

Please excuse Tom for being absent yesterday. He has diarrhea and his boots leak.

Please excuse John for being. It was his father's fault.

Please excuse Jane. She had been sick and under the doctor.

Sally won't be in school a week from Friday. We have to attend a funeral.

Please excuse my son's tardiness. I forgot to wake him up and I didn't find him until I started making the beds.

Please excuse Harriet from school yesterday. We forgot to get the Sunday paper off the porch, and when we found it on Monday, we thought it was Sunday.

Please excuse Ray from school. He has very loose vowels.

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ANASAYFA  --  TESTLER  --  OKUMA  --  EĞLENCE

 

BU YAYINDA KULLANILAN FONETİK SİMGELERİ

æ = /a/ ve /e/ arası: cat /kæt/, black /blæk/, bad /bæd/, man /mæn/ ------  : /a/ ile /o/ arası... UK İngilizcesinde /o/ ya daha yakın; USA ingilizcesinde /a/ ya daha yakın: hot /ht/, fog /fg/, dock /dk/  -----  I : (Schwa) : İnternet ortamında /@/ veya başaşağı "e" ile temsil edenler var. İngilizce'de aşağı yukarı bütün ünlülerin vurgusuz hecelerde yuvarlandığı, orta damağın çeşitli yerlerinde oluşturulan seslik. Türkçe'de /ı/ ile /a/ arası bir ses. Hatta, "ğ" harfinin gırtlaksı olmadığı çoğu zaman bu sesi verdiğini söyleyebiliriz: ağlamak /a-ğı-lamak/  ------  Ø = thin /Øin/, thimble /Øim-bl/, thunder /Øan-dır/... "pelthek pelthek" konuşma...  ------ ð = this /ðis/, then /ðen/, those /ðouz/...  ses "telleri" titreşimsiz "Pelthek" kardeşin "badzi badzi" yürüyen titreşimli kardeşi...  -------- w "Dabılyu", /u/ nun katmerlisi. Hakkını veriyoruz. Dudaklar yuvarlak ve ileri uzatılmış. /v/ ile uzaktan yakından bir akrabalığı yok... /v/ sesi için konuşma organ ve boşlukları aynen /f/ sesi için olduğu gibidir ve /f/ sesinin titreşimli kardeşidir...  --------  N = "-ing"...  ---------  : İki nokta üstüste: önceki sesi uzat...  --------- /r/ BBC İngilizcesinde telaffuz edilmiyorsa, göstermiyoruz...

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