Doç. Dr. Yalçın İzbul

Hacettepe Üniversitesi eski öğr. üyesi


Advanced Level Exercises

A Weekly Supplement Issued On Thursdays

03/14/02 - 0005

How do you reward yourselves, Dear Members, after a long and tiresome day of work? (A)  Dine out at some fashionable downtown restaurant?.. (B) Take a long walk out in the park to release endorphins?.. (C) Have a few drinks at home?.. (D) Just veg in front of the tube?..

Well, How about settling down with your notes from Mr. İzbul's Ezine and with your favourite dictionary and your Thesaurus, grabbing your chance to build up your vocabulary, to increase your mastery over words, to enrich your powers of expression, to speak better and write better, so that you might look forward to a more successful day the next day... Enjoy our Special Issue of Advanced English for Turks # 0005... izbul 



I have prepared for you, my valiant fellow-educators, a set of must-do's on that all-deciding first day when the instructor walks into his class...


Part - I

1. Walk briskly into the classroom, wearing black suit, black shirt and white tie (and a bullet-proof vest underneath), with you faithful Sivas Kangal following right behind you; set up your tape recorder without a word and play a tape of Gencebay's "I was dead the day I was born".

2. Solemnly inform the class that your dog's name is "Kaatil" and announce that the name is a well-deserved one. Should any of the students dare ask a question, walk over to Kaatil and consult with him, saying in a guttural voice "What do you say to this, Kaatil? Shall we have a word with this young lady/gentleman after the class?"

3. Point an overhead projector at the class. Demand each student to whisper his/her name, serial number and height in lateral position, adding that this last piece of information is very useful for coffin makers.

4. Announce "you'll need this," and write an exhaustive list of painless suicide methods on the blackboard. Use capital letters.

5. Run a video on current popular torture implements in Turkey (collected by Mrs. Pişkinsüt), giggling and cackling to yourself throughout.

6. Sneeze on students in the front row and wipe your nose on your tie.

7. Having gone through these preliminaries, open up a bottle of Yeni Raki; cut down some white cheese and tomatoes, and announce that the lecture will end when the bottle's done.

8. To enliven your lecture, pose an occasional question, then mutter to yourself "as if you gibbering simpletons would know" and move on before anyone can answer.

9. If anyone dares ask a question, walk grimly over to him, hand him your piece of chalk, and ask, "Would YOU like to give the lecture, Mr. Smarty-pants?"

10. Refer frequently to students who died in the past while taking your class; not forgetting to announce that some of your students from last year are still recuperating in Manisa...


 Fascinating Vocabulary 



Nicholas Chauvin was a soldier in Napoleon's army, who after the downfall of his emperor displayed such exaggerated loyalty and patriotism that he was held up to ridicule by his fellow soldiers... In a play written in 1831 (La Cocarde Tricolore by the Cogniard brothers), a young recruit named Chauvin sings couplets expressing enthusiasm for national supremacy and military glory... The word "chauvinism" comes from the character in the play, and it means "exaggerated patriotism", another word for which is "jingoism"...


"By jingo" was a magicians' expression which was adapted into popular speech; it was an expression of strong affirmation. It gained great popularity through a music-hall song of 1878. In that year, British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli sent a fleet into Turkish waters to "contain" the Russians against the Turks. The song's lyrics went:

We don't want to fight, but, by jingo, if we do... / We've got the ships, we've got the men, we've got the money, too...

"Jingoism", like "chauvinism", is a term for strong national feeling, and a "jingoist" is a person who favours a belligerent (= aggressive and warlike, from the Latin "bellum, belli" = savaş**) attitude toward foreign powers...

Study Suggestions:

Find out the meaning of the expression "Male Chauvinist Pig"; Give examples from our present-day "high society"!! (***)

[**Satrançsever üyelerimize, oyuna otururken söyleyebilecekleri bir Latince tekerleme ileteyim: Ludimus effigiem belli... Yani, "Burada bir savaş modeli oynuyoruz"...]

[***Bir bölüm hanımların, bizde artık pek mebzul bulunan "Male Chauvinist Pig" ler uğruna nasıl deli divane olduklarını görünce, bir başka ünlü Latince tekerlemeyi tekrarlamaktan kendimi alamıyorum: "De gustibus non est disputandum." Yani, "Renkler ve zevkler tartışılmaz." İngilizcesi: "There's no accounting for tastes."]

 Here Is An Advanced Level Vocabulary Test I have Prepared For You 

See If You Can Match The Word With Its Synonyms

(1)...alliance    (2)...awkward    (3)...beast    (4)...chivalrous    (5)...detest    (6)...fraternity    (7)...malevolence    (8)...obsolete    (9)...tedious    (10)...vicinity

( ) (a) evil intent, ill-nature, maliciousness...

( ) (b) hate, despise, abominate...

( ) (c) league, cooperation, joining forces...

( ) (d) boring, tiresome, wearisome...

( ) (e) clumsy, unskilful, embarrassing...

( ) (f) past, extinct, disused, antiquated...

( ) (g) neighbourhood, environment...

( ) (h) animal, brute, monster...

( ) (i) knightly, noble, courteous...

( ) (j) brotherhood, fellowship, secret society...

* * * * *


The Allies = II. Dünya Savaşı'nda "Müttefikler"...

the "abominable" snowman = kar adamı...

Chivalry isn't dead yet! = Şövalyelik (şimdilerde "delikanlılık" daha ölmedi !

fraternity, sorority = brotherhood, sisterhood

an awkward shape/time/position (biçimsiz, müsait olmayan, zor durumda bırakan)... a clumsy man (sakar adam)... malevolent, malign, malignant, malignity X benevolent, benign, benignant, benignity... to malinger = özellikle görevden kaçmak için hasta numarası yapmak... malingerer = böyle yapan kişi...

maltreat = 1. kötü muamele etmek... 2. (tıpta) iyi tedavi edememek, kötü veya yanlış tedavi etmek (ama kötü amaçla değil)... malpractice = görevini bile bile kötüye kullanmak...

Study Suggestions:



Consult your dictionary and extract a list of the words beginning with the prefixes "mal-" and "bene-"... Make the list as exhaustive as you think it ought to be, encompassing all the words you think you should be able to recognize and actively use...

Answers A Little Down The Page

You can always mail me, should you have any doubts lingering on your mind.


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  Test Results :  1-c   2-e   3-h   4-i   5-b   6-j   7-a   8-f   9-d   10-g 




This Is Hilarious !!  This Is A Real Killer !!


Part - I

Experience : What you get when you don't get what you want.
Foreign Aid : The transfer of money from poor people in rich countries to rich people in poor countries.
Gross ignorance : 144 times worse than normal ignorance.
Deja Fu : The feeling that somehow, somewhere, you've been kicked in the head like this before.
Clock : A small mechanical device to wake up people without children.
Conclusion : A conclusion is where somebody got tired of thinking.
Opera : Where a guy gets stabbed in the back and sings about it.
Capitalism : Man exploiting man. Socialism: The reverse.
Cheating : Playing by the rules they teach in business school.
Success : Success is just a matter of luck. Ask any failure.
Now : A moment in time that has already passed.
Health : The slowest possible rate of dying.

*  *  *  *  *


* * * * *






æ = /a/ ve /e/ arası: cat /kæt/, black /blæk/, bad /bæd/, man /mæn/ ------  : /a/ ile /o/ arası... UK İngilizcesinde /o/ ya daha yakın; USA ingilizcesinde /a/ ya daha yakın: hot /ht/, fog /fg/, dock /dk/  -----  I : (Schwa) : İnternet ortamında /@/ veya başaşağı "e" ile temsil edenler var. İngilizce'de aşağı yukarı bütün ünlülerin vurgusuz hecelerde yuvarlandığı, orta damağın çeşitli yerlerinde oluşturulan seslik. Türkçe'de /ı/ ile /a/ arası bir ses. Hatta, "ğ" harfinin gırtlaksı olmadığı çoğu zaman bu sesi verdiğini söyleyebiliriz: ağlamak /a-ğı-lamak/  ------  Ø = thin /Øin/, thimble /Øim-bl/, thunder /Øan-dır/... "pelthek pelthek" konuşma...  ------ ð = this /ðis/, then /ðen/, those /ðouz/...  ses "telleri" titreşimsiz "Pelthek" kardeşin "badzi badzi" yürüyen titreşimli kardeşi...  -------- w "Dabılyu", /u/ nun katmerlisi. Hakkını veriyoruz. Dudaklar yuvarlak ve ileri uzatılmış. /v/ ile uzaktan yakından bir akrabalığı yok... /v/ sesi için konuşma organ ve boşlukları aynen /f/ sesi için olduğu gibidir ve /f/ sesinin titreşimli kardeşidir...  --------  N = "-ing"...  ---------  : İki nokta üstüste: önceki sesi uzat...  --------- /r/ BBC İngilizcesinde telaffuz edilmiyorsa, göstermiyoruz...


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