Doç. Dr. Yalçın İzbul

Hacettepe Üniversitesi eski öğr. üyesi

PRACTICAL ENGLISH FOR TURKS

Advanced Level Exercises

A Weekly Supplement Issued On Thursdays

03/28/02 - 0007

Mayday! Mayday! Dear Members! Harsh criticism is urgently needed... I mean, with all the eulogies I receive, you really are running the risk of pushing me into complacency... Come On, Folks... Share with others your questions, comments, suggestions, frustrations or language learning tips to contribute... Just mail them to me... Most welcome is any feedback that I receive from you...

 
WISE WOMEN USE "EUPHEMISMS" WHEN TALKING TO MEN

 

 
DON'T YOU EVER SAY :
 
                   JUST SAY :

You have a beer gut.

You are stupid.

You are quiet.

You have got lost.

You are balding.

You get falling-down drunk.

You act like a total ass.

You are short.

You eat like a pig.

You are a male chauvinist pig.

You do have a dirty mind.

 

   You have developed a LIQUID GRAIN STORAGE FACILITY.

   You suffer from MINIMAL CRANIAL DEVELOPMENT.

   You are a CONVERSATIONAL MINIMALIST.

   You have DISCOVERED ALTERNATIVE DESTINATIONS.

   You are in FOLLICLE REGRESSION.

   You become ACCIDENTALLY HORIZONTAL.

   You develop a case of RECTAL CRANIAL INVERSION.

   You are ANATOMICALLY COMPACT.

   You suffer from REVERSE BULIMIA.

   You have SWINE EMPATHY.

   You have INTROSPECTIVE PORNOGRAPHIC MOMENTS.

 

Please note that I obviously pilfer the stuff like the one directly above from the Internet; but I never present them to you without making appropriate alterations to suit and be meaningful from the viewpoint of the Turkish palate... Thus, sometimes they are changed beyond recognition... As for the Turkish palate, mine is as good as anyone else's !!

 
 

 Fascinating Vocabulary 

 MORE LOVE-BITES INTO DIFFICULT WORDS !! 

 O! Anima Mia, Let's Talk A Bit Of Minds & Souls !! 

When you know the meaning of the "root", you have a better understanding of any word that contains it. "Roots", meaning in this context "the connotations the word has accumulated during its time-travels" is a welcome additional help. Together, they constitute the subject matter of the linguistic science known as "etymology"... Did you know that we are still without a reliable extensive scholarly source for the etymology of Turkish words? A shame on & for us all !...

The Latin root-word Anima, meaning "soul, spirit, breath of life" is encountered in many English words, such as animal, animate, inanimate, animated, animation, and unanimous...

"unanimous" [yu--nimıs] = of one mind: with everyone holding the same opinion, being in agreement; showing the agreement of everyone... The country was unanimous in its support of the government's economic policies... [Yok Yau!!]... The resolution was passed by a unanimous vote... Let me just add that "un" is the shortened form of the Latin word "unus" (one), and the noun form is "unanimity [yunæ-ni-miti]...

"Magnanimous" contains, in addition to "anima", the root "magna", meaning "great, large"... A magnanimous [mıg-næ-nimıs] person has such a great and noble soul that he is beyond seeking petty revenge... The noun form is "magnanimity" [mıgnæ-ni-miti]...

"Anima", by extension, means "mind" as well as "soul". It is from this extended meaning that some very interesting words were derived, such as:

"equanimity", meaning "composure" (literally, equal or balanced mind; evenness or calmness of mind)... If you can manage to preserve your equanimity under trying (= difficult) circumstances, that means you do not burst into a temper, you do not get confused or intimidated, but that you remain calm and self-composed... [Read: ikuı-ni-miti]

"animosity" [æni-m-siti], meaning "ill will" or "hostility"... Sharing the same semantic properties as its less-frequently-used brother "animus", it reflects the degeneration of the meaning "mind" into "an unfriendly mind"... There is a good deal of animosity between the two countries... Strangely enough, she bears him no animus/animosity, even though she has been so ill- treated...

"Anima mia" is of course an Italian phrase, as abundant in love songs as sentimentally love-sick people are in real life...

 
 
 Here Is An Advanced Level Vocabulary Test I have Prepared For You 

See If You Can Match The Word With Its Synonyms

(1)...adjacent    (2)...arbitrary    (3)...celebrity    (4)...naughty    (5)...nimble    (6)...outrage    (7)...refund    (8)...undergo    (9)...venture    (10)...wanton

( ) (a) suffer, experience, endure, put up with...

( ) (b) violence, cruelty, abuse, violation...

( ) (c) return, give back, repay...

( ) (d) enterprise, undertaking, hazard, adventure...

( ) (e) capricious, wilful, wayward, loose, immoral...

( ) (f) close by, next to, bordering...

( ) (g) according to one's own wishes or ideas...

( ) (h) agile, lively, alert, active, brisk...

( ) (i) a well-known person, star, renowned person...

( ) (j) disobedient, wayward, mischievous, perverse...

* * * * * * * *

TIPS AND CLUES

arbitrator = bir anlaşmazlığı çözmek üzere "racon" kesmesi için kendisine başvurulan, yada böyle bir görevi olan kimse veya merci...

An announcement: "We have a number of celebrities with us here tonight."

A nimble wit/mind... nimble fingers: very important for a pickpocket!!...

We'll gladly refund your money, if... nonrefundable = iade edilmez...

"Nothing venture, nothing have." = Belli bir riski göze almadan, hiçbir şey elde edemezsiniz... a spirit of adventure/enterprise... a business enterprise... private enterprise... entrepreneur [antrıprı-]...

mischievous, read [mis-çıvıs]...

Answers A Little Down The Page

You can always mail me, should you have any doubts lingering on your mind.

 
   

[ All Ads Deleted ]

   

 Test Results :  1-f   2-g   3-i   4-j   5-h   6-b   7-c   8-a   9-d   10-e 

 

 

READING FOR FUN

This Is Hilarious !!  This Is A Real Killer !!

*  *  *  *  *

WHAT  INNER  STRENGTH  IS

01. If you can start the day without caffeine or pep pills,

02. If you can be cheerful, ignoring aches and pains,

03. If you can resist complaining and boring people with your troubles,

04. If you can eat the same food everyday and be grateful for it,

05. If you can understand when loved ones are too busy to give you time,

06. If you can overlook when people take things out on you when, through no fault of yours, something goes wrong,

07. If you can take criticism and blame without resentment,

08. If you can face the world without lies and deceit,

09. If you can conquer tension without medical help,

10. If you can relax without liquor,

11. If you can sleep without the aid of drugs,

12. If you can do all these things, then ... ...

..............You are probably the family puppy!

*  *  *  *  *

 

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ANASAYFA  --  TESTLER  --  OKUMA  --  EĞLENCE

 

 

BU YAYINDA KULLANILAN FONETİK SİMGELERİ

æ = /a/ ve /e/ arası: cat /kæt/, black /blæk/, bad /bæd/, man /mæn/ ------  : /a/ ile /o/ arası... UK İngilizcesinde /o/ ya daha yakın; USA ingilizcesinde /a/ ya daha yakın: hot /ht/, fog /fg/, dock /dk/  -----  I : (Schwa) : İnternet ortamında /@/ veya başaşağı "e" ile temsil edenler var. İngilizce'de aşağı yukarı bütün ünlülerin vurgusuz hecelerde yuvarlandığı, orta damağın çeşitli yerlerinde oluşturulan seslik. Türkçe'de /ı/ ile /a/ arası bir ses. Hatta, "ğ" harfinin gırtlaksı olmadığı çoğu zaman bu sesi verdiğini söyleyebiliriz: ağlamak /a-ğı-lamak/  ------  Ø = thin /Øin/, thimble /Øim-bl/, thunder /Øan-dır/... "pelthek pelthek" konuşma...  ------ ð = this /ðis/, then /ðen/, those /ðouz/...  ses "telleri" titreşimsiz "Pelthek" kardeşin "badzi badzi" yürüyen titreşimli kardeşi...  -------- w "Dabılyu", /u/ nun katmerlisi. Hakkını veriyoruz. Dudaklar yuvarlak ve ileri uzatılmış. /v/ ile uzaktan yakından bir akrabalığı yok... /v/ sesi için konuşma organ ve boşlukları aynen /f/ sesi için olduğu gibidir ve /f/ sesinin titreşimli kardeşidir...  --------  N = "-ing"...  ---------  : İki nokta üstüste: önceki sesi uzat...  --------- /r/ BBC İngilizcesinde telaffuz edilmiyorsa, göstermiyoruz...

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