Doç. Dr. Yalçın İzbul

Hacettepe Üniversitesi eski öğr. üyesi

PRACTICAL ENGLISH FOR TURKS

Advanced Level Exercises

A Weekly Supplement Issued On Thursdays

04/18/02 - 0010

Dearest Members, Remember the greatest days of childhood? Storming through the neighbourhood to find the best places to play hide'n seek or to hold top-secret club meetings. Ever wonder where that fertile energy and imagination went? The truth is, it's still with you. It's just that as an adult, you have to open your eyes wider to see the buried opportunities all around you. You have to re-learn how to explore the world.

Now that Spring is upon us, let the extra sunshine be a flashlight in your long-forgotten, hardly-remembered surroundings. Break away from the blinding everyday humdrum of your life. Too much remains still untouched all around you -- in your neighborhood, in your town, in your country. Start by digging a little deeper in your neighborhood. Chances are you will be pleasantly surprised by a treasure-trove of discoveries.

And, please do not ask me if I have the time to do all these myself!.. izbul

LET'S FACE IT -- ENGLISH IS A CRAZY LANGUAGE !!

PART THREE

There is no egg in eggplant nor ham in hamburger; neither apple nor pine in pineapple.
English muffins weren't invented in England or French fries in France.
Sweetmeats are candies while sweetbreads, which aren't sweet, are meat.

We take English for granted. But if we explore its paradoxes,
we find that quicksand can work slowly,
boxing rings are square
and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor is it a pig.
And why is it that writers write but fingers don't fing,
grocers don't groce and hammers don't ham?

If the plural of tooth is teeth, why isn't the plural of booth beeth?
Or, one goose, 2 geese? So one moose, 2 meese?
One index, 2 indices?
Doesn't it seem crazy that you can make amends but not one amend.

If you have a bunch of odds and ends and get rid of all but one of them, what do you call it?

If teachers taught, why didn't preachers praught?
If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat?

[Your contribution to this list would be most welcome]

 
 

 Fascinating Vocabulary 

 SOME NEOLOGISMS IN PRESENT-DAY ENGLISH 

 PART THREE 

 SARCASTROPHE  = n. When you attempt to employ humorous sarcasm but fail miserably, the resultant embarrassing or catastrophic situation is a "sarcastrophe"... [made from "sarcasm" and "catastrophe".] So you want to know why he is not missed in our social gatherings! Well, let me tell you: That's because he is always an impeccable master of sarcastrophies anywhere he goes...

 SHOPGRIFTING  = v. A "clever" and totally shameless act of purchasing something and then returning it within the legal 30 days limit for a full refund, meaning you've "rented it for free"... [Compound of shop + grift "to swindle".] Something ought to be done to stop these shameless people who've made a habit of shopgrifting...

 SNAIL MAIL  = n. A new name for the old system of mail delivery in which letters, documents, and packages are physically transported from one location to another, in contrast to electronic mail [compound from "snail" and "mail", a rhyming pair suitable also semantically.] More and more companies and are looking to e-mail as a good alternative to the traditional means of sending information and documents, i.e. to snail mail."

 SPAM  = v. The unsolicited act of sending multiple copies of a advertising or marketing messages.   to several e-mail accounts. n. A message so sent... [The word represents an extension of its original meaning, "processed meat".] It's very difficult to understand spammers; they must know that everyone hates receiving spam-mail...

 STALKERAZZI  = n. A word used for the kind of tabloid journalist who pursues celebrities night and day, dogging their every move. [The word is singular in English (pl. stalkerazzis) though its plural ending in Italian. It is a blend of "stalker" and "paparazzi", the latter itself meaning "tabloid journalists", so named after a character in a Fellini movie.] He was hanging about with a pair of stalkerazzis who work for some popular tabloids.

 TROLL  = n. A person who sends messages to a newsgroups to incite emotions and cause controversy. [This is a metaphorical extension of the word, originally meaning a supernatural creature (dwarf) that lives in a cave.] Every newsgroup has their own trolls...

 VATOR  = n. Representing a clipping of the word "elevator", this word is now used to mean "any devise that is used for lifting", such as an ascending platform or indeed an elevator. Why did you push the button marked "6" if you wanted to get up to the seventh floor? (Well, you can't expect me to concoct meaningful sample sentences each and every time!).

 WAC  = adj. This clipping of "wacky" is now used to express a negative response that covers several meanings: unpleasant, undesirable; inappropriate, incorrect, not the way something should be or expected to be done, contrary to the social norm... Sometimes, also spelled "wack". Oh, last week's test was really wac!.. Her outfit was totally wac!..

 WORDROBE  = n. Cut and blended from "wardrobe" and "word", this neologism means "a person's vocabulary". I can see that your friend has an extensive wordrobe...

(copyright: Practical English; Please give proper reference if copied and used elsewhere)

 
 
 Here Is An Advanced Level Vocabulary Test I have Prepared For You 

See If You Can Match The Word With Its Synonyms

(1)...accomplice    (2)...apt    (3)...defiance    (4)...exemplify    (5)...impassive    (6)...incessant    (7)...revelation    (8)...sane    (9)...surmise    (10)...teeming

( ) (a) crowded, swarming, replete...

( ) (b) challenge, rebellion, disobedience...

( ) (c) illustrate, give an example of...

( ) (d) immobile, undemonstrative, calm, phlegmatic...

( ) (e) continual, unceasing, uninterrupted...

( ) (f) disclosure, exposition, manifestation...

( ) (g) rational, of sound mind, self-possessed...

( ) (h) well-suited, suitable; likely, tending...

( ) (i) guess, conjecture, suppose, presume...

( ) (j) partner, helper, co-plotter...

Answers A Little Down The Page

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You can always mail me, should you have any doubts lingering on your mind.

 
   

[ All Ads Deleted ]

   

 Test Results :  1-j   2-h   3-b   4-c   5-d   6-e   7-f   8-g   9-i   10-a 

 

 

OGDEN NASH

American Poet, 1902 - 1971
I hope those of you who haven't read any Nash before will love him as much as I do

*  *  *  *  *

The Purist

I give you now Professor Twist,
A conscientious scientist,
Trustees exclaimed, "He never bungles!"
And sent him off to distant jungles.
Camped on a tropic riverside,
One day he missed his loving bride.
She had, the guide informed him later,
Been eaten by an alligator.
Professor Twist could not but smile.
"You mean," he said, "a crocodile."

 

Reflections on Ice-Breaking

Candy
Is Dandy
But liquor
Is quicker.

 

Ode to a Baby

A bit of talcum
Is always walcum.

 

The Ant

The ant has made himself illustrious
Through constant industry industrious.
So what?
Would you be calm and placid
If you were full of formic acid?

Samson Agonistes

I test my bath before I sit,
And I'm always moved to wonderment
That what chills the finger not a bit
Is so frigid upon the fundament.

 

The Wasp

The wasp and all his numerous family
I look upon as a major calamity.
He throws open his nest with prodigality,
But I distrust his waspitality.

The Termite

Some primal termite knocked on wood
And tasted it, and found it good!
And that is why your Cousin May
Fell through the parlor floor today.

 

Celery

Celery, raw
Develops the jaw,
But celery, stewed,
Is more quietly chewed.

 

The Cow

The cow is of the bovine ilk;
One end is moo, the other, milk.

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ANASAYFA  --  TESTLER  --  OKUMA  --  EĞLENCE

 

BU YAYINDA KULLANILAN FONETİK SİMGELERİ

æ = /a/ ve /e/ arası: cat /kæt/, black /blæk/, bad /bæd/, man /mæn/ ------  : /a/ ile /o/ arası... UK İngilizcesinde /o/ ya daha yakın; USA ingilizcesinde /a/ ya daha yakın: hot /ht/, fog /fg/, dock /dk/  -----  I : (Schwa) : İnternet ortamında /@/ veya başaşağı "e" ile temsil edenler var. İngilizce'de aşağı yukarı bütün ünlülerin vurgusuz hecelerde yuvarlandığı, orta damağın çeşitli yerlerinde oluşturulan seslik. Türkçe'de /ı/ ile /a/ arası bir ses. Hatta, "ğ" harfinin gırtlaksı olmadığı çoğu zaman bu sesi verdiğini söyleyebiliriz: ağlamak /a-ğı-lamak/  ------  Ø = thin /Øin/, thimble /Øim-bl/, thunder /Øan-dır/... "pelthek pelthek" konuşma...  ------ ð = this /ðis/, then /ðen/, those /ðouz/...  ses "telleri" titreşimsiz "Pelthek" kardeşin "badzi badzi" yürüyen titreşimli kardeşi...  -------- w "Dabılyu", /u/ nun katmerlisi. Hakkını veriyoruz. Dudaklar yuvarlak ve ileri uzatılmış. /v/ ile uzaktan yakından bir akrabalığı yok... /v/ sesi için konuşma organ ve boşlukları aynen /f/ sesi için olduğu gibidir ve /f/ sesinin titreşimli kardeşidir...  --------  N = "-ing"...  ---------  : İki nokta üstüste: önceki sesi uzat...  --------- /r/ BBC İngilizcesinde telaffuz edilmiyorsa, göstermiyoruz...

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