Doç. Dr. Yalçın İzbul

Hacettepe Üniversitesi

eski öğr. üyesi

PRACTICAL ENGLISH FOR TURKS

A Bilingual Electronic Newsletter

Distributed  Bi-Weekly

10th Dec, 2001 - 0003

 
 
 

May God keep any form of a Monday Morning Feeling away from you, Dearest Members!...

With new subscribers joining us over the weekend, we now occupy the third place on Yahoo's listing for "Schools and Education" for Turkland! This is equivalent of being Number Eleven on their international listing for "English As A Second Language"!

 

A very warm welcome to our new members and may God bless them! And, Boy! Do we have plans for more, and even more! Of course, we do; and I might as well spell it out: Any reason why we shouldn't transfer this wonderful Group onto an international platform and open it up to non-Turks who want to learn or improve their Turkish? But, more about that at a more opportune time... So! Best wishes as ever... İzbul

 
 

AMBIGUOUS NEWS FROM AFGHANISTAN

Turkish Prime Minister Bülent Ecevit said on Friday that Turkland was ready to help Afghanistan establish an effective administration, urging the rival groups to resolve their differences over the new interim government.

help Afghanistan establish = Afganistan'ın ... kurmasına yardımcı olmak... effective administration = etkin yönetim... urging = çağrıda bulunarak, önemli ve acildir çağrısında bulunarak...

resolve their differences = aralarındaki anlaşmazlıkları çözmeleri... interim government = ara hükumet...

Turkland has already announced its full support for all international efforts for the founding of an effective administration and the establishment of a workable social order in the country.

has already announced = zaten, esasen, daha şimdiden, daha önceden ilan etmiş bulunuyor... international efforts = uıluslararası çabalar... a workable social order = işlerliği olan bir toplumsal düzen...

"Some leaders have taken negative stances against the decisions taken in Bonn," Mr. Ecevit noted, pointing out that an agreement, nevertheless, has to be reached without delay. It would be futile to discuss who is right and who is wrong at this stage.

negative stances = olumsuz tutumlar, olumsuz tavırlar... decisions taken in Bonn = Bonn'da alınan, alınmış olan kararlar... without delay = gecikme olmaksızın... would be futile = boşuna, beyhude olur... at this stage = bu aşamada...

Dostum, a powerful ethnic Uzbek warlord, is apparently of the opinion that his faction, which is part of the Northern Alliance, is not fairly represented in the new administration.

ethnic Uzbek = Özbek asıllı... warlord = güçlü ve savaşçı yerel yönetici... apparently = anlaşıldığına göre, öyle görünüyor ki... faction = hizip, grup... is part of = içinde yer alıyor, bir parçası... the Northern Alliance = Kuzey İttifakı... not fairly represented = adil olarak temsil edilmiyor...

His repeated requests that the Foreign Ministry be allocated to his faction were not met.

to be allocated = tahsis edilmek... requests ... were not met = talepler, istekler karşılanmadı...

  ambiguous = belirsizlik taşıyan, her iki yöne yada anlama çekilebilecek...

 

WHAT NOW, MR. DENİZLİ ?

Trying to recover from a 2-1 home defeat to Beşiktaş last weekend, the Yellow Canaries faced another mission impossible last night at Trabzon's Avni Aker Stadium, with Fener fans totally outnumbered by the fiery Trabzonians.

be outnumbered by = sayıca daha az olmak...

That defeat by Beşiktaş had ended the defending champion's 24-game winning streak at Şükrü Saracoğlu. And now Fenerbahçe no longer has the luxury of dropping points since it trails the leader Galatasaray by seven points.

24-game winning streak = 24 maçlık galibiyet dizisi... dropping points = puan kaybetmek... trails the leader = liderin gerisinden gidiyor...

The truth of the matter is that the Yellow Canaries are far away from proving themselves in the Turkish League this year. They have lost to all the other serious title contenders they have played so far, firstly to İstanbulspor, then to their century-old rival Galatasaray and then to another rival Beşiktaş last weekend.

title contenders = zirve adayları...

On paper, Fenerbahçe is a formidable side in Turkland, but not so in Europe, where they finished "pointless" in the first phase of the European Champions League and bowed out ignominiously.

bowed out ignominiously = gururlarını yitirmiş olarak başları eğik çıktılar...

Fener coach Mustafa Denizli has injury problems in virtually all positions. The Yellow Canaries' brilliant strike force are missing the services of Rapajic, who has not fully recovered from injury yet, and the Israeli star Haim Revivo.

in virtually all positions = hemen hemen bütün mevkilerde... brilliant strike force = parlak hücum gücü... missing the services of = hizmetlerinden yoksun...

Turkish international Oktay Derelioğlu, who underwent a knee surgery in midweek, was added to the list last week.

Turkish international = milli takım oyuncusu...

The defense also has serious problems. Goran Mirkovic was suspended for two matches for trading punches with Beşiktaş midfielder Tümer during their İstanbul derby last Sunday. Mustafa Doğan is ill and Ali Akdeniz is off form.

suspended = cezalı... trading punches = yumruklaşma...

 

 

CHUNKS OF WISDOM OR DROPLETS OF BANALITY ?

Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone who keeps learning stays young. The greatest thing in life is to keep your mind young. -- HENRY FORD

who stops learning = öğrenmeyi bırakan, öğrenmekten vazgeçen... whether at twenty or eighty = ister yirmisinde olsun, ister sekseninde... to keep your mind young = zihninizi genç tutmak...

He who rejects change is the architect of decay. The only human institution which rejects progress is the cemetery." -- HAROLD WILSON (1960'larda İşçi Partisinden İngiltere Başbakanı)

who rejects change = ki o kişi değişmeyı reddeder... the architect of decay = çürümenin mimarı... progress = ilerleme, gelişme... progressive = 1. ilerlemeci, terakkiperver; 2. yavaş yavaş artan, tedrici surette artan veya ilerleyen, çoğalan vb... a progressive policy... progressive taxation (i.e. with an increase of the rate of tax as the incomes increase: gelirler arttıkça, vergi oranları da artıyor)... cemetery = mezarlık...

In the long run the pessimist may be proved right, but the optimist has a better time on the trip.  -- DANIEL L. REARDON

in the long run = uzun vadede, sonunda... be proved right = haklılığı ve doğruyu düşünüp dile getirdiği kanıtlanmak... has a better time on the trip = yolculuk boyunca daha iyi, daha hoşça vakit geçirir...

The best bridge between despair and hope is a good night's sleep. -- E. JOSEPH COSSMAN

despair = çaresizlik... a feeling of despair came over him; he was filled with despair; gave up the attempt in despair; drive smb. to despair... to despair of smth: Even her doctors despaired of saving her life...

In matters of  principle, stand like a rock; in matters of taste, swim with the current. -- THOMAS JEFFERSON

principle = ilke; (principal = 1. belli başlı, 2. baş öğretmen)... matters of taste = zevk, beğeni konularında... swim with the current = akıntı yönünde yüzmek... Burada: moda akımlara uymak... (opposite of, swim against the current)

In politics  stupidity is not a handicap. -- NAPOLEON BONAPARTE

stupidity = aptallık, ahmaklık, budalalık... handicap = engel, elverişsizlik, dezavantaj... handicapped = belli bir engelleme uygulanmış, dezavantajlı duruma düşürülmüş, sakat, malül... mentally handicapped = zihinsel özürlü...

It is better to be hated for what one is than to be loved for what one is not. -- ANDRÉ GIDE

what one is = kişinin ne/kim/nasıl olduğu... I love you for what you are. / I love you as you are... Seni olduğun gibi seviyorum... Dikkat: Bu tümce, "bütün kusurlarına rağmen" nüansı da taşıyabilir.

Men always want to be a woman's first love - women like to be a man's last romance. -- OSCAR WILDE

a woman's first love = bir kadının ilk aşkı... a man's last romance = bir erkeğin son sevdası, son sevgilisi...

You give but little when you give of your possessions. It is when you give of yourself that you truly give. -- KAHLIL GIBRAN

give but little = çok az şey verirsin... possessions = sahip olunan şeyler, zenginlikler, eşyalar, mülk, vb... give of yourself = kendinden birşeyler vermek...

 

INTERMEDIATE GRAMMAR:

KİM GELDİ? NELER OLDU?

Kim geldi? Ne/neler oldu? gibi sorular nasıl sorulur ?

Cümlenin aynı zamanda öznesi konumunda olan bir soru sözcüğü yada öbeği ile soru oluşturmakta güçlük çekiyor musunuz? Örneklere bakınız:

Who came?... What happened?...

Fakat asıl püfnoktası şudur: Bunlarla oluşturulacak isim-cümleciklerin (noun clauses) sözcük dizilişinde herhangi bir değişiklik gerekmeyecektir. Neden? Çünkü, cümlenin düz ve soru diziliş biçimi aynı da, ondan:

Do you know who came?

He didn't tell me what happened.

Oysa, "who" / "what" cümlenin nesnesi olduğu zaman (yani, Kimi? Neyi? anlamı taşıdıkları zaman) herhangi bir güçlük çekmiyoruz:

Who (whom) did you see?... What did you do?
Can you tell me who (whom) you saw?... You didn't tell me what you saw.

Soru sözcüğü veya öbeğininözne konumunda olduğu başka örnekler de verelim:

Who told you?
Who is going to pay the bill?
What happened to them?
What became of them?
Whose horse won?
Whose car broke down?
Which of your sisters is getting married?

Bu tür cümlelerin dolaylı anlatımda (indirect speech) tense dışında herhangi bir değişikliğe uğramayacaklarına dikkat ediniz. Çünkü oldukları biçimiyle zaten aynı zamanda isim-tümlecik niteliği taşıyorlar:

He asked me who had come.
I don't know who came.
Can you tell me whose horse has won?
She wants to know which of your sisters is getting married.

Silly Questıons

1. Your aunt has a brother, but this is not your uncle. Who is he?

2. What is the longest word in the English language?

3. Who said: "Very funny, Scotty. Now beam down my clothes"?

4. Is it possible for a flea to jump higher than the Galata Tower?

5. What word becomes shorter when you add a syllable to it?

6. Temel has five sons and each son has a sister. How many children does Temel have?

7. Do you stir your tea with your right or left hand?

8. Two fathers and two sons ask for a cup of tea each. The waiter brings only three cups. Why?

9. What word is always spelled wrong?

10. What is the capital of Turkland?

 

Intermediate Vocabulary:

Choose the Right Word

 

[Test Sorularımız özgündür. Telif hakları saklıdır. Lütfen kaynak göstermeden alıntı yapmayınız.]

 

1. Please ............. your papers in half before you hand them in to me.

a. bend        b. lay         c. fold        d. strike        e. wrap up

  

2. I'm .............. an answer within a few days.

a. hoping        b. waiting        c. expecting

d. excepting         e. accepting

  

3. He .............. there under the tree, just thinking about his earlier life here on the farm.

a. lay        b. laid        c. lied        d. layered        e. lain

  

4. I'm just hoping that she'll grow out of that nasty .............. of hers as she grows older.

a. custom        b. tradition        c. usage

d. habit            e. error

  

5. He said he used to .............. much more than that in his old job as a junior clerk.

a. win        b. wage        c. gain        d. acquire        e. earn

  

Now, Be sure to look up in a dictionary any words you are not familiar with. Do not forget to note down their pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms and set phrases in which they occur. Do not forget that sample sentences are always of tremendous help for long-term memory.

 

[Test Sorularımız özgündür. Telif hakları saklıdır. Lütfen kaynak göstermeden alıntı yapmayınız.]

 

Advanced Vocabulary:

Choose the Right Word

1. Both countries have declined to .............. the treaty on nonproliferation of nuclear weapons, partly out of concern for the other's supposed intentions. 

a. praise          b. assess           c. avoid

d. endorse      e. advocate

  

2. Soldiers in full battle gear took up .............. outside the Presidential Palace as tens of thousands of demonstrators slowly marched towards the building.

a. trenches           b. position           c. situation

d. deployment           e. statement

  

3. In a speech he made today, the President of Patagonia advocated the .............. of nuclear arms and said that his country was ready for "urgent and effective measures to .............. the arms race.

a. expansion/hinder        b. propulsion/end

c. escalation/curtail        d. acceleration/stop

e. elimination/curb

  

4. The traditional bonds that exist between the two countries, as well as the mutual respect they hold for one another, will ............. a firm basis for further development of their economic ties.

a. confirm           b. establish           c. contribute

d. constitute      e. capitulate

  

5. Naim Süleymanoğlu, born of Turkish descent and one of the world's top weight-lifters then, .............. to Turkland some twenty years ago while he was competing in Australia.

a. immigrated             b. interrogated              c. defected

d. conspired                e. emigrated

  

 
 
 

 

 CARTOON OF THE WEEK 

THE  IRONY  OF  FATE

Kaderin Cilvesi !!

THE MAN [= Bir âdem]: Hello! I am George. I'm on my way to a fancy dress ball.

THE GRIM REAPER [= Azrail]: Hmmmmm. Somehow, I have a feeling that you won't make it there!

 
 

 PROMISING TO BECOME OUR EVER-SO-POPULAR NAUGHTY NAUGHTY CORNER !! 

CLEAN JOKE OF THE DAY

THE PRIEST & THE RABBI

A priest and a rabbi found themselves sharing a compartment on a train.

priest = papaz... rabbi = haham...

After a while, the priest put down his book and opened a conversation by saying, "I know that in your religion, you're not supposed to eat pork... but have you really never even tasted it?"

The rabbi closed his newspaper and responded, "I must tell you the truth. Yes, I have, on the odd occasion."

on the odd occasion = arada bir olmuştur...

The rabbi had his turn of interrogation: "I know that in your religion, you're supposed to be celibate, but..."

interrogation = sorgulama... celibacy = hayat boyu evlenme yasağı...

The priest interjected, "Yes, I know what you are going to ask, and yes, I have succumbed to temptation once or twice."

interjected = (burada) araya girdi, sözünü kesti... succumbed to temptation once or twice = birkaç kez şeytana uydum... to succumb = boyun eğmek, teslim olmak... temptation = baştan çıkaran şey.; veya içten gelen dürtü, şeytan dürtüsü...

The two resumed their reading. Both were silent for a while.

resumed their reading = yeniden okumağa başladılar...

Then the rabbi peeked around his newspaper with a smile and said, "Better than pork, isn't it?"

peek = bakmak, gözetlemek, dikizlemek... Burada, gazetesinin arkasından kafasını uzatarak...

DIRTY JOKE OF THE DAY

FOR ENLARGEMENT !

On their first night together, the bride comes out of the bathroom, having taken a shower and wearing a beautiful robe. 

The proud husband says, "My dear, we are married now, you can take off your robe." 

The beautiful young woman takes off her robe, and he is astonished."Oh, oh, aaaahhh," he exclaims, "My God you are so beautiful, I must take a picture of you at once.

Puzzled she asks, "My picture?" He answers, "Yes my dear, so I can carry your beauty next to my heart forever".

He takes her picture, and then he heads into the bathroom to shower and change.

He comes out wearing his robe and the new wife asks, "Why do you wear a robe? We are married now."

At that, the man opens his robe and she exclaims, "Oh my God, Oh my God! Let me take a picture at once".

He beams and asks why and she answers, "So I can get it enlarged!"

having taken a shower = duş almış olarak, duş aldıktan sonra

heads into the bathroom = banyoya gider, girer...

at that = bunun üzerine, bu durumda...

beams = yüzü bir gülümsemeyle aydınlanır, beşlik simit gibi sırıtır...

So I can get it enlarged! = Büyüttürebileyim diye!...

FOLK WISDOM

Laugh alone and the world thinks you're an idiot... He who laughs last thinks slowest.

Atasözünün aslı: Laugh, and the whole world laughs with you... Gül, ki bütün dünya seninle gülsün!

Change is inevitable, except from a vending machine.

(Kelime oyunu: change = 1. değişim, değişme; 2. Bozuk para, para üstü... vending machine = para atıp birşey satın aldığınız makine.

I didn't fight my way to the top of the food chain to be a vegetarian.

Beslenme zincirinin tepesine vejeteryen olayım diye tırmanmadım!

She took an IQ test and the results were negative. 

When there's a will, I want to be in it!

will = 1. istek, irade; 2. vasiyetname... Sözün aslı: Where there is a will, there is a way. İstenirse bir yol bulunur...

Time is the best teacher; Unfortunately it kills all its students!

Can it be a mistake that "STRESSED" is "DESSERTS" spelled backwards?

desserts = Yemek üstüne yenen tatlılar...

Seen it all, done it all, can't remember most of it.

Herşeyi gördüm, herşeyi yaptım, ama çoğunu hatırlamıyorum.

Those who live by the sword get shot by those who don't.

those who live by the sword = kılıcına güvenerek, kılıç yasasıyla yaşayan kimseler... get shot = ateşli silahla vurulurlar.

 

 

 

LEARN (BUT USE SPARINGLY) SOME SLANG EXPRESSIONS !!

uptight = gergin, asabi, sinirli (nervous; anxious)... You were a bit uptight last night, weren't you?

butt = kalça, kıç (the buttocks)... Why don't you just stop sitting on your butt there and give me a hand in the kitchen?

catch some rays = güneşlenmek (get some sunshine)... Hey, let's go down to the beach and catch some rays.

chicken = korkak (coward)... Oh, come on, man! Don't be such a chicken!

to get some winks = uyumak, biraz kestirmek... I think I'll turn in early tonight. I need to get some winks, you know.

whiz = üstad, dahi, işin ustası, çok zeki ve yaratıcı kişi... He was a real whiz, you know, when it came to selling things.

to take a whiz = to urinate... "Where's John?" "Oh, he's just gone inside to take a whiz."

 
 
 

               

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