2008 MAYIS SINAVI
SORULAR VE CEVAPLARI - 01
001. The genetic fingerprinting technique, which was developed in the UK and is now used as a ................. of legal identification, determines the pattern of certain parts of the genetic material DNA that is unique to each individual.
A) benefit B) structure C) sufficiency D) combination E) means
002. In existentialism, it is argued that people are responsible for, and the ................. judge of, their actions.
A) expansive B) sole C) previous D) irresistible E) prevalent
003. By the start of the 1990s, popular music had become ................. globalized, with seventy per cent of all production resting in the hands of just five companies.
A) possibly B) rarely C) negligently D) significantly E) respectively
004. The League of Nations, established in Geneva in 1920, included representatives from states throughout the world, but was severely weakened by the US decision not to become a member, and had no power to ................. its decisions.
A) impress B) compel C) accomplish D) implicate E) enforce
005. In the resort areas of Greece, travel agents offer a wide range of excursions on air-conditioned coaches ................. qualified guides.
A) accompanied by B) put up with C) adapted to
D designed for E) turned into
006. The ruins of ancient Troy ................. as breath-taking as those of Ephesus or Aphrodisias, but, for anyone who has ever read Homers Iliad or Odyssey, they have a romance few places on Earth ................. .
A) have not been / hoped to have matched
B) had not been / would hope to match
C) may not be / can hope to match
D) are not / hoped to match
E) could not have been / hope to match
007. Nineteenth-century military helmets ................. than they now appear, but even at their best they ................. the way to the future of head protection.
A) have been better designed / do not point
B) could be better designed / would not point
C) are better designed / will not point
D) may have been better designed / did not point
E) can be better designed / had not pointed
008. Cabbage ................. as early as 2000 B.C., and the commercial varieties now ................. Brussels sprouts, common cabbage, sprouting broccoli, and kohlrabi.
A) might have been cultivated / have included
B) had been cultivated / included
C) would be cultivated / used to include
D) would have been cultivated / can include
E) was cultivated / include
009. Foreign policy is composed of the goals sought, values set, decisions made and actions taken ................. states and the national governments acting ................. their behalf.
A) by / on B) about / for C) at / from
D) over / between E) in / among
010. A priori knowledge ................. Western philosophy is knowledge that is independent ................. all particular experiences, as opposed to a posteriori knowledge, which derives from experience alone.
A) at / for B) in / of C) through / by
D) beside / towards E) with / from
011. ................. not all negative thoughts and feelings are bad for health, specific emotional states, especially stress and depression, have now been linked to heart trouble of all kinds.
A) When B) Suppose that C) As if
D) Whenever E) Though
012. The Danish poet and novelist Jeppe Aakjær grew up in the Jutland farming area and ................. was well aware of the harsh conditions endured by farm labourers in his country.
A) on the contrary B) even so C) so D) still E) nevertheless
013. ................. the US and Brazil both occupy the American continent, the northern location of the former and the southern location of the latter plainly mark a real distinction and bring important policy consequences.
A) As long as B) Now that C) Only if D) After E) Although
014. ................. Windsor Castle, occupying ................. area of 287 hectares, is among the most beautiful royal residences in Europe.
A) The / an B) This / such an C) An / the
D) The most / such E) That / some
[Bu sorunun "E" şıkkında baskı hatası olarak büyük harfle başlatıldığı anlaşılan "Some" sözcüğü burada tarafımdan düzeltilmiştir.]
015. Geometry is usually divided into pure geometry, which roughly embraces the plane and solid geometry dealt with by Euclid, and analytical or coordinate geometry, ................. problems are solved using algebraic methods.
A) in that B) in which C) by whom D) which E) whichever
However hazy their grasp of astronomy may be, most adults hold several beliefs with some certainty. They believe, for example, that the Earth is round and that it revolves around another, larger round body (the Sun), (16) ---- a smaller round body (the Moon) revolves around it. They also believe (17) ---- certain familiar phenomena, such as the day-night cycle and the seasons, depend on the movements and relative positions of the Earth, Sun, and Moon. But how do adults come to form such beliefs? The facts of astronomy are hardly evident in everyday experience; if anything, the reverse (18) ---- to be true. Children experience an apparently flat earth from which they see the Sun move (19) ---- the sky, and they learn things that seem incompatible with the notion that people could somehow live on the surface of a large ball. Is the development of adult-level understanding, therefore, simply a matter of suppressing childish beliefs and gradually (20) ---- the views of modern adult society?
016. A) after B) as if C) where D) while E) if
017. A) in that B) as C) those D) since E) that
018. A) must have been argued B) could be argued C) will be argued
D) might have been argued E) would have been argued
019. A) along B) about C) among D) across E) aboard
020. A) accepting B) eliminating C) recovering
D) maintaining E) overloading
The Pergamum of Eumenes II is remembered (21) ---- for its library. Said to have held more than 200,000 volumes, the library was a symbol of Pergamums social and cultural status. Eumenes was a passionate book collector, and his library came to challenge the worlds greatest one in Alexandria (700,000 books). Afraid that the Pergamum library (22) ---- famous scholars away from Alexandria, the Egyptians cut off the supply of papyrus from the Nile. Never one to refuse a challenge, Eumenes set his scientists to work and they (23) ---- pergamen (Latin for parchment), a writing surface made from animal hides rather than pressed papyrus reeds. (24) ---- the end, however, it was the Egyptians who had the last laugh. (25) ---- the library at Alexandria was damaged by fire, Mark Antony pillaged the one at Pergamum for books to give to his beloved Cleopatra.
021. A) with a view B) as well as C) most of all
D) enough E) just in case
022. A) attracted B) would attract C) might have attracted
D) will attract E) may attract
023. A) came up with B) stepped over C) stood against
D) ran over E) carried on with
024. A) Off B) In C) By D) Through E) To
025. A) Even though B) Until C) In case D) Even if E) When
026. Although the British Royal Navy claims that it was not operating any warships in the area at the time, ................. .
A) underwater noise hasnt been
fully recognized as a form of pollution
027. Half of the increase in EU Aid for Trade is specifically targeted toward the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries (ACP), ................. .
A) unless the European Commission
set up this programme to promote investment and
028. ................. , but just over 1 per cent of them spend the night in Umbria, in the south of Tuscany.
A) Visitors to Lake Trasimeno will
see few other tourists
029. If labour could be measured adequately in simple homogeneous units of time, such as labourhours, ................. .
A) it covers many other kinds of areas
as well, such as social security and worker satisfaction
030. ................. , where they are often seen floating in the water like logs, with only their nostrils, eyes, and ears above the surface.
A) The Mississippi alligator, the American
crocodile, and the Chinese alligator are the only other species
031. While some argue that the Elgin Marbles, ................. , are more carefully preserved there, the Greek government does not accept the legality of the sale that took place in 1816 and believes they belong in Athens.
A) after they were acquired from the
Ottoman authorities of the time
032. A colour-blind person cannot see any difference between two colours ................. .
A) while to people with normal sight they
are clearly different
033. All the major cities and islands of Spain have airports, ................. .
A) but buses will be a faster and more
frequently used option between smaller towns
034. In the US in 1882, Peter J. McGuire, who is generally given credit for the idea of Labor Day, suggested to the Central Labor Union of New York ................. .
A) if there was any particular
significance for the date
035. Germany is similar in many ways to France, Italy and the UK ................. .
A) unless it attaches primary
importance to both multilateral and bilateral diplomacy
036. People spend energy when they are physically active, but they also spend energy when they are resting quietly.
A) İnsanlar, bedensel olarak etkin olduklarında enerji harcarlar, ama sakin bir şekilde dinlenirlerken de enerji harcarlar.
B) İnsanların bedensel olarak etkin olması, onların enerji harcamalarına yol açar; ancak, hiç hareket etmediklerinde de enerji harcarlar.
C) Bedensel olarak etkin olduklarında enerji harcayan insanlar, sakin olduklarında da enerji harcarlar.
D) İnsanlar, bedensel etkinlikte bulunurlarsa enerji harcaması olur, ama hiç hareket etmezlerse de enerji harcaması olur.
E) Bedensel etkinlikte bulunan insanlar enerji harcarlar; ancak, bu insanların enerjileri dinlendiklerinde de harcanır.
037. Many people believe that an ulcer is caused by stress or spicy foods, but this is not the case.
A) Stresin veya baharatlı
yiyeceklerin ülsere neden olduğu çoğu insanın kanısıdır, fakat bu hiç de doğru
038. In addition to traffic fatalities, alcohol use has been implicated in many other deaths among young people, including drownings, falls, suicides, and homicides.
A) Gençler arasında alkol kullanımı,
trafik ölümlerinden başka, boğulmalar, düşmeler, intiharlar ve cinayetler gibi
diğer ölüm türlerinin de nedeni olmuştur.
039. We are proud to be part of a programme that gives these often overlooked but extremely talented athletes long-overdue recognition.
A) Son derece yetenekli olsalar da bugüne
kadar ihmal edilmiş olan bu atletlere hak ettikleri itibar, katılmaktan bizim de
kıvanç duyduğumuz bu programla sağlanmaktadır.
040. The purpose of this training is to accustom the soldiers of the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces to working in a dangerous but largely civilian environment.
A) Bu eğitimle, Birleşmiş Milletler
Barış Gücü askerlerinin tehlikeli fakat çoğunlukla sivil bir çevrede çalışma ve
görev yapmaları amaçlanmaktadır.
041. 1996da bir Güney Kore araştırma gemisi, Güney Korelilerin Dokdo, Japonların ise Takeshima dedikleri bir grup adaya yakın ihtilâflı sulara girerek Japonyanın öfkesine yol açtı.
A) In 1996, a South Korean research
vessel aroused Japanese anger by entering disputed waters near a group of
islands that the South Koreans call Dokdo and the Japanese
042. Göğüs kanseri hakkındaki korkunun bir kısmı, bu hastalığın tehlikelerine ilişkin yanlış bilgiye ve yanlış anlamaya dayanmaktadır.
A) There is so much
misinformation as well as misunderstanding about the risks of breast cancer that
it has led to a great deal of fear about this disease.
043. Siyasî bir dahi, ancak bir ekonomi amatörü olan Başkan Bill Clintonın en kayda değer başarısı, Beyaz Sarayda bulunduğu sekiz yıl boyunca,Amerikanın ekonomik temeline gerçekten yeni bir güç katılmasıdır.
A) During the eight years President
Bill Clinton was in the White House, the American economic base was remarkably
strengthened by the truly new power which, as an economic amateur, but a
political genius, he put into it.
044. İklim değişikliği ile ilgili çoğu bilim adamı, kentlerin, çevrelerinden daha sıcak olduğu ve bulut oluşumuna neden olan dikey hava akımları yarattığı görüşündedir.
A) Most scientists concerned with
climate change are of the opinion that cities are hotter than their surroundings
and create updrafts of air causing cloud formation.
45. Çoğu oyunda, bize sunulan dünya ne denli gerçek dışı olursa olsun, bizden onu geçici olarak gerçek dünya gibi görmemiz beklenir.
A) In a variety of plays, the world presented to us may be unreal, but it is
expected that, at least temporarily, we take it for the real world.
046. An independent city close to Berlin, Potsdam has almost 150,000 inhabitants and is the capital of Brandenburg. ........................... . The town blossomed in the 1600s, during the era of the Great Elector, and then again in the 18th century, when the splendid summer palace, Schloss Sanssouci, was built for Frederick the Great. Potsdam suffered badly in World War II, particularly on April 14 and 15, 1945, when the Allies bombed the town centre.
A) The Marmorpalais (Marble Palace) is
located on the edge of the lake in the Neuer Garten, a park northeast of
047. ........................... . For instance, Alpine scenery predominates in the Tatra Mountains to the south, while the north is dominated by lakes. Mountain lovers can make use of the well-developed infrastructure of hostels and shelters, such as those found in the Tatras. The countless lakes of Warmia and Mazuria, collectively known as the Land of a Thousand Lakes, are a haven for water-sports enthusiasts.
A) Since 1989, many new luxury
hotels have been built in Poland and the majority of them belong to
international hotel chains
048. The Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland are, arguably, among the least-populated countries in Europe. ........................... . Away from the main towns and cities lie vast expanses of unspoiled, often wild terrain, from the breathtaking Norwegian fjords to the dense pine forests and clear lakes of Finland. Smaller and largely flat and rural, Denmark shares characteristics with both mainland Europe and Scandinavia proper.
A) In Norway, Sweden, and Finland, the
majority of the population lives in the south, in affluent, modern cities, which
are also rich in history and tradition
049. With more than 600 species of orchids, Nicaragua is prime territory for one of natures most exquisite treasures. The Selva Negra Mountain Resort in the central part of the country boasts at least 140 species in its grounds, with 14 hiking trails that make orchid sightings anything but rare. ........................... . The best time to visit this particular region is in the dry season, from February to May, when there is little rain and temperatures are cool.
A) The dodsoniana, one of these newly
identified species, was found just 4 years ago
050. Ballet is theatrical representation in dance form in which music also plays a major part in telling a story or conveying a mood. Some such form of entertainment existed in ancient Greece. ........................... . From there, it was taken by Caterina de Medici in the 16th century to France in the form of a spectacle combining singing, dancing, and speech. During the 18th century, there were major developments in technique, and ballet gradually became divorced from opera, emerging as an art form in its own right.
A) Ballet developed in the UK
through the influence of Marie Rambert
051. In finance, interest, which is a sum of money paid by a borrower to a lender in return for the loan, is usually expressed as a percentage per annum. ........................... . In compound interest, the interest earned over a period of time is added to the principal, so that at the end of the next period, interest is paid on that total.
A) Nevertheless, certain problems
remain in perennial interest, and these fall into two main groups