2008 MAYIS SINAVI
SORULAR VE CEVAPLARI - 02
052. Your roommate has been seriously ill. The doctor says she needs to rest in bed for quite some time. Since shes normally very active, shes going to find this very difficult. You know that the doctor is right, and are determined to help your friend carry out his advice. You say:
A) The instructions of the doctor are final you know.
Youll just have to make the best of it. Ill get you some books.
053. One of your colleagues has to interview candidates for a position in the company she works for. There are a lot of applicants and she is not used to conducting interviews and comes to you for advice on how to gain full insight into each candidates character. You say:
A) Be a careful listener, and avoid
asserting your own opinions and comments.
054. You are being interviewed for a highly confidential job. You are told that, should you be employed, you must on no account discuss the nature of the work even with your closest friends. You want to assure the person who is interviewing you that this would present no difficulty. You say:
A) People who talk non-stop about their
working lives are extremely boring.
055. You are a well-known dramatic critic, and various newspapers have asked you to write about a new play by a young dramatist. The general opinion is that the play is magnificent and that the young dramatist is an extremely promising writer. You feel that, though you liked the play itself, it is too early to reach a final judgement about the writers creativity. You say:
A) The dialogue is colourful, spirited
and credible; but the plot is weak and improbable.
056. Your friend, who was recently widowed, tells you that he has made plans to get married. You think it is still far too early for your friend to be thinking about re-marriage as he hasnt yet had time to recover from the loss of his wife. You want to tell him this in a gentle manner so as not to make him angry or hurt his feelings. You say:
A) Im glad youre moving on with your
life. It was time you stopped grieving, anyway.
057. Your daughter is upset because there is a lot of unpleasantness going on in her class. She says that one girl in particular has been telling lies and trying to manipulate the other girls in the class. You know that this girls parents were recently divorced, and you think that this may be the reason for the girls behaviour. You want your daughter to understand this, so you say:
A) Have you thought about the
possibility that this girl is acting this way because she feels insecure after
her parents divorce?
058. (I) The label homo sapiens was first attached to man by Linnaeus in his classification of the animal kingdom over two hundred years ago. (II) That kingdom is now thought to include over threequarters of a million species. (III) Still, the physiology of the human body parallels, in a host of different ways, that of the animals. (IV) Though very many more species may be discovered, it is not likely that anything will ever shake our conviction that we belong to a very special class. (V) This conviction is quite as strong today as it was in the eighteenth century.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
059. (I) An incoming hurricane might at first seem a powerful photographic subject. (II) But how is a photojournalist to make a decent still image when people are hiding, and when there is only howling wind and spraying water? (III) Thats why hurricane photography generally documents the aftermath, says an illustrations editor. (IV) But this image was different enough to catch ones eye. (V) Uprooted trees and building rubble are mainstays of the genre.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
060. (I) In a rare instance of a vertebrates behaviour being revealed by its fossil, a new species of dinosaur was found with its head tucked under a forelimb. (II) It represents the earliest known example of a dinosaur displaying the sleeping posture exhibited by modern-day birds. (III) As a result, though it is not known how the dinosaur died, it probably was killed instantly by a thick deposit of volcanic ash or by volcanic gas followed by a covering of ash and mud. (IV) The tuck-in pose would have preserved body heat, suggesting that, like birds, at least some dinosaurs were warmblooded. (V) Delighted palaeontologists named this pigeon-sized dinosaur Mei long, meaning soundly sleeping dragon.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
061. (I) Carl Sandburg (1878-1967), born in Galesburg, Illinois, is best known for his poetry. (II) He was, however, also a journalist, an author of childrens books, and a historian. (III) Sandburgs poetry celebrates the lives of ordinary people. (IV) In The People, Yes, he uses the words, style, and rhythms of common speech to celebrate the tall tales of the American people. (V) Indeed, most American poets in the 19th century were concerned with nature and country life.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
062. (I) Izmir owes its famously special atmosphere to its turbulent history. (II) What you see today has mostly risen from the ashes of Ottoman Izmir and dates from 1922, when a terrible fire swept across the city. (III) Before that, Izmir was known as Smyrna and was the most Westernized and cosmopolitan of Turkish cities. (IV) Nevertheless, famous citizens of ancient Smyrna include the poet Homer, the founder of Western literature, who lived before 700 B.C. (V) It was a city where the Muslims, Christians and Jewish communities lived in harmony and got on well with each other.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
063. (I) We may not know very much about butterflies, but they are certainly very beautiful. (II) For the first time, British scientists have tracked the movements of butterflies. (III) Two types of flight were found in the 30 butterflies monitored. (IV) One was the straight and fast flight used for travel. (V) The other was a slow and looping route to aid foraging.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
064. Though management may not realize it, a very large proportion of the success of this company is due to the loyalty and hard work of its workers.
A) Whether or not management is
aware of it, this company owes its success, to a very large extent, to the
industry and loyalty of its staff.
065. Many people prefer to eat organic food, that is, food unpolluted by chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
A) A growing number of people are
interested in organic food, since it is produced free of
chemicals and pesticides.
066. Students will usually concentrate harder in the lesson if they know they will be organized into small groups for interactive discussion.
A) Once students get used to being
split up for interactive discussion, their ability to concentrate generally
067. Get your brother to fix the roof; hes quite the best person to do it.
A) Try to persuade your brother to fix the
roof: hes good at such things.
068. Take-off was delayed again and again, so we began to wonder if there was something seriously wrong with the aircraft.
A) Unless the problem were serious,
they wouldnt have delayed the flight for so long.
069. The pictures of the 18th-century painter, Hogarth, seem modern because of their wit and satire.
A) Hogarth gives an authentic picture
of 18thcentury life which appeals to modern times.
070. Ralph: Ive learned that
there are many details to learn about the maintenance of home aquariums.
A) Yes. For example, fish dont
disrupt the cleanliness of the home with messy fur or
Chris: Did you know that several years ago Luciano
Pavarotti released his first solo album of Italian
A) Well, at first they were not in
favour of it, but now they are doing the same thing themselves!
Lee: Do you know about the Iron Age hair gel
found on the head of a 2,300-year-old body discovered in Ireland?
A) I can say that its a bit like a
Mohican style. Do you know what it is made of?
James: Hows your philosophy course going?
A) Which of the great philosophers
are you going to study?
Mary: What I look for in an airline company is
a punctual take-off and a punctual landing.
A) What I look for is flight
Sue: Did you know that there are three types of
zip and that each is used in a different way?
A) As far as I know, there are
chain zips, coil zips and concealed zips. Right?
In many primitive communities there is a taboo on mentioning a mans name except in certain special circumstances, because his name is believed to contain within it something of himself, which would belost and wasted if his name were uttered without first taking special precautions. This belief about words is widespread. Among the more primitive and the uneducated, it is universal. A remarkably matter-offact practical application of it occurs even in the present day in the Tibetan prayer-wheel. If, thinks the Tibetan peasant, a prayer uttered once does some good, then the same prayer uttered many times will do more good. Therefore, since he assumes that the efficacy lies in the prayer as an entity in itself, he writes it round the rim of a wheel, and then frugally employs the water of a mountain stream to turn it all day long, instead of wastefully employing his own lungs and lips to say it again and again.
In this passage, the author points out that ............................. .
As we understand from the passage, an underlying
belief behind the Tibetan prayer-wheel is that ............................. .
The author uses the example of the Tibetan
prayer-wheel to ............................. .
It is clear from the passage that, among primitive
societies, it is generally believed that a mans name ............................. .
We can conclude from the passage that the Tibetan
peasant ............................. .
Thomas Edison began conducting experiments during his childhood. To start with, there were hundreds of unsuccessful experiments but Edison eventually invented and patented 2,500 items, including the electric lamp and phonograph. He was determined to give laughter and light to people, but, until he actually managed to do so, most people ridiculed him. Without losing hope, Edison attempted over 1,000 unsuccessful experiments in his efforts to make an electric lamp. When people told him he was wasting his time, energy, and money for nothing, Edison exclaimed, For nothing! Every time I make an experiment, I get new results. Failures are stepping stones to success. Determined to give people electric lamps, Edison said hed meet his goal by early 1880. In October, 1879, he created his first electric lamp, and in so doing, received much praise. People realized that Edisons invention was not affected by rain or wind, remaining constant through bad weather. Just as he had hoped, Edison provided people with light and laughter.
As we understand from the passage, Edison conducted
many unsuccessful experimental trials, ............................. .
It is clear from the passage that, once Edison had
invented the electric lamp, ............................. .
As we understand from the passage, with the
phrase, Failures are stepping stones to
According to the passage, when Edison was working on
an invention, he ............................. .
It is clear from the passage that, when Edison was
working on the electric lamp, ............................. .
Questions of education are frequently discussed as if they bore no relation to the social system in which and for which the education is carried on. This is one of the most common reasons for the unsatisfactoriness of the answers. It is only within a particular social system that a system of education has any meaning. If education today seems to deteriorate, if it seems to become more and more chaotic and meaningless, it is primarily because we have no settled and satisfactory arrangement of society, and because we have both vague and diverse opinions about the kind of society we want. Education is a subject which cannot be discussed in a void: our questions raise other questions, social, economic, financial, and political. And the bearings are on more ultimate problems even than these: to know what we want in education, we must know what we want in general, we must derive our theory of education from our philosophy of life.
The main point made in the passage is that education, ............................. .
According to the writer, the present-day
unsatisfactory and ineffectual state of education ............................. .
The point is made in the passage that each and every
system of education ............................. .
In this passage, the author aims to make us think
about not only what we want from education, but also about ............................. .
The attitude of the author towards education is ............................. .
The distinction between journalism and literature is quite futile, unless we are drawing such a violent contrast as that between Gibbons History and todays paper; and such a contrast itself is too violent to have meaning. You cannot, that is, draw any useful distinction between journalism and literature merely on a scale of literary values, as a difference between the well-written and the supremely wellwritten: a second-rate novel is not journalism, but it certainly is not literature. The term journalism has deteriorated, so let us try to recall it to its more permanent sense. To my thinking, the most accurate as well as most comprehensive definition of the term is to be obtained through considering the type of mind, concerned with writing what all would concede to be the best journalism. Theres a type of mind, and I have a very close sympathy with it, which can only turn to writing, or only produce its best writing, under the pressure of an immediate occasion; and it is this type of mind which I propose to treat as the journalists. The underlying causes may differ: the cause may be an ardent preoccupation with affairs of the day, or it may be (as with myself) laziness requiring an immediate stimulus, or a habit formed by early necessity of earning small sums quickly. It is not so much that the journalist works on different material from that of other writers, as that he works from a different, no less and often more honourable, motive.
In this passage, the writer asserts that ............................. .
The writer prefers to define journalism ............................. .
It is clear from the passage that the writer ............................. .
The point is made in the passage that the journalist
does his best writing when ............................. .
According to the passage, what characterizes the work
of the journalist is ----.
Leonardo da Vinci is a member of a very small class of transformative geniuses, not ordinary or common geniuses, who have contributed abundantly to their fields, but rather the ones who have created or defined entire fields. In literature, no one asks, Who was the greatest writer? Honest debate can start at Number Two. Shakespeare, the consensus choice as greatest writer, is a member of this class of transformative geniuses. Similarly, Isaac Newton is recognized as the greatest among scientists and mathematicians; Ludwig van Beethoven, and possibly Bach and Mozart, are the transformative geniuses among composers. The most recent transformative genius the world has seen may have been Albert Einstein, a scientist like Newton ann Time Magazines Man of the Century for the 20th century. In ranking artists, one can start the debate at Number Three a rank for which Raphael and Rembrandt are candidates, or perhaps one of the great French Impressionists, or the 20th centurys most famous artist, Picasso. The ranks of Number One and Number Two, however, are reserved for Leonardo and Michelangelo, taken in either order. These two are far above all other artists. Michelangelo lived a very long lifetime of eighty-nine years, and was productive to the end. Leonardo, on the other hand, lived sixty-seven years, and left behind just a dozen paintings. And only a half of these are incontrovertibly one hundred per cent by him. In contrast, Rembrandt painted hundreds of paintings, 57 of himself alone; van Gogh created nine hundred paintings in a period of nine years. So how can we put Leonardo at the very pinnacle? The answer is really quite simple: his dozen or so paintings include the Number One and the Number Two most famous paintings in the history of art The Last Supper and Mona Lisa.
The passage is about transformative geniuses ............................. .
With the sentence, Honest debate can start at Number
Two, the writer is really saying ............................. .
According to the passage, when it comes to ranking
artists, ............................. .
We learn from the passage that, although Leonardo left
the world only a dozen or so
It is clear from the passage that Michelangelo ----.